Epistemology: A Contemporary Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge

Epistemology: A Contemporary Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge

by Robert Audi

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Overview

First Published in 1997. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781134791804
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 06/20/2005
Series: Routledge Contemporary Introductions to Philosophy
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 352
File size: 3 MB

About the Author

Robert Audi is John A. O’Brien Professor of Philosophy at the University of Notre Dame and author of many papers and books on knowledge and belief, justification, and rationality.

Table of Contents

Preface and Acknowledgements
Introduction
Part One: Sources of Justification, Knowledge, and Truth
Chapter 1: Perception
The Elements and Basic Kinds of Perception
Seeing and Believing
Some Commonsense Views of Perception
The Theory of Appearing
Sense-Datum Theories of Perception
Adverbial Theories of Perception
Adverbial and Sense-Datum Theories of Sensory Experience
Phenomenalism
Perception and the Senses
Chapter 2: Memory
Memory and the Past
The Casual Basis of Memory Beliefs
Theories of Memory
Remembering, Recalling, and Imaging
Remembering, Imaging, and Recognition
The Epistemological Centrality of Memory
Memorial Justification and Memorial Knowledge
Chapter 3: Consciousness
Two Basic Kinds of Mental Properties
Introspection and Inward Vision
Some Theories of Introspective Consciousness
The Analogy Between Introspection and Ordinary Perception
Consciousness and Privileged Access
Introspective Consciousness as a Source of Justification and Knowledge
Chapter 4: Reason
Self-Evident Truths of Reason
The Classical View of the Truths of Reason
The Empiricist View of the Truths of Reason
The Conventionalist View of the Truths of Reason
Some Difficulties and Strengths of the Classical View
Reason, Experience, and A Priori Justification
Chapter 5: Testimony
The Nature of Testimony: Formal and Informal
The Psychology of Testimony
The Epistemology of Testimony
The Indispensability of Testimonial Grounds
Part Two: The Structure and Growth of Justification and Knowledge
Chapter 6: Inference and the Extension of Knowledge
The Process, Content, and Structure of Inference
Inference and the Growth of Knowledge
Source Conditions and Transmission Conditions for Inferential Knowledge and Justification
The Inferential Transmission of Justification and Knowledge
Memorial Preservation of Inferential Justification and Knowledge
Chapter 7: The Architecture of Knowledge
Inferential Chains and the Structure of Belief
The Epistemic Regress Problem
The Epistemic Regress Argument
Foundationalism and Coherentism
Holistic Coherentism
The Nature of Coherence
Coherence, Reason, and Experience
Coherence and Second-Order Justification
Moderate Foundationalism
Part Three: The Nature and Scope of Justification and Knowledge
Chapter 8: The Analysis of Knowledge
Knowledge and Justified True Belief
Knowledge as the Right Kind of Justified True Belief
Naturalistic Accounts of the Concept of Knowledge
Problems for Reliability Theories
Knowledge and Justification
Internalism and Externalism in Epistemology
Justification and Truth
Concluding Proposals
Chapter 9: Scientific, Moral, and Religious Knowledge
Scientific Knowledge
Moral Knowledge
Religious Knowledge
Chapter 10: Skepticism
The Possibility of Pervasive Error
Skepticism Generalized
The Egocentric Predicament
Fallibility
Uncertainty
Deductability, Evidential Transmission, and Induction
The Authority of Knowledge and the Cogency of Its Grounds
Refutation and Rebuttal
Prospects for a Positive Defense of Common Sense
Skepticism and Common Sense
Conclusion
Bibliography
Index

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