The Republic (Penguin Classics)

The Republic (Penguin Classics)


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Plato's The Republic is widely acknowledged as the cornerstone of Western philosophy.

Presented in the form of a dialogue between Socrates and three different interlocutors, it is an inquiry into the notion of a perfect community and the ideal individual within it. During the conversation other questions are raised: what is goodness; what is reality; what is knowledge? The Republic also addresses the purpose of education and the role of both women and men as "guardians" of the people. With remarkable lucidity and deft use of allegory, Plato arrives at a depiction of a state bound by harmony and ruled by "philosopher kings."

For more than seventy years, Penguin has been the leading publisher of classic literature in the English-speaking world. With more than 1,700 titles, Penguin Classics represents a global bookshelf of the best works throughout history and across genres and disciplines. Readers trust the series to provide authoritative texts enhanced by introductions and notes by distinguished scholars and contemporary authors, as well as up-to-date translations by award-winning translators.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780140455113
Publisher: Penguin Publishing Group
Publication date: 09/14/2007
Series: Penguin Classics Series
Edition description: Revised
Pages: 480
Sales rank: 21,690
Product dimensions: 5.06(w) x 7.77(h) x 0.89(d)
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

Plato (c. 427–347 b.c.) founded the Academy in Athens, the prototype of all Western universities, and wrote more than twenty philosophical dialogues.

Desmond Lee (1908–1993) taught for many years at Cambridge University and also translated Plato’s Timaeus and Critias for Penguin Classics.

Read an Excerpt

Socrates: I went down yesterday to Piraeus with Glaucon, Ariston’s son, to pray to the goddess, wanting at the same time also to see the way they were going to hold the festival, since they were now conducting it for the first time. The parade of the local residents seemed to me to be beautiful, while the one that the Thracians put on looked no less appropriate. And having prayed and having seen, we went off toward the city. Spotting us from a distance then as we headed home, Polemarchus, Cephalus’s son, ordered his slave to run and order us to wait for him. And grabbing me from behind by my cloak, the slave said “Polemarchus orders you to wait.” And I turned around and asked him where the man himself was. “He’s coming along from behind,” he said. “Just wait.” “Certainly we’ll wait” said Glaucon.

Table of Contents

Introduction, p. 1
The Republic, p. 17
Book I (327A-354C), p. 17
Book II (357A-383C), p. 49
Book III (386A-417B), p. 77
Book IV (419A-445E), p. 112
Book V (449A-480A), p. 142
Book VI (484A-511E), p. 179
Book VII (514A-541B), p. 210
Book VIII (543A-569C), p. 240
Book IX (571A-592B), p. 269
Book X (595A-621D), p. 294
Afterword (Imitation, by John White), p. 323
Glossary, p. 347
Index, p. 353

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