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Before The Hunger Games there was Lord of the Flies
Lord of the Flies remains as provocative today as when it was first published in 1954, igniting passionate debate with its startling, brutal portrait of human nature. Though critically acclaimed, it was largely ignored upon its initial publication. Yet soon it became a cult favorite among both students and literary critics who compared it to J.D. Salinger's The Catcher in the Rye in its influence on modern thought and literature.
Labeled a parable, an allegory, a myth, a morality tale, a parody, a political treatise, even a vision of the apocalypse, Lord of the Flies has established itself as a true classic.
About the Author
Born in Cornwall, England, in 1911 and educated at Oxford University, William Gerald Golding's first book, Poems, was published in 1935. Following a stint in the Royal Navy and other diversions during and after World War II, Golding wrote Lord of the Flies while teaching school. This was the first of several novels including Pincher Martin, Free Fall, and The Inheritors and a play, The Brass Butterfly, which led to his being awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1983.
Read an Excerpt
THE SOUND OF THE SHELL
THE BOY WITH FAIR HAIR LOWERED HIMSELF down the last few feet of rock and began to pick his way toward the lagoon. Though he had taken off his school sweater and trailed it now from one hand, his grey shirt stuck to him and his hair was plastered to his forehead. All round him the long scar smashed into the jungle was a bath of heat. He was clambering heavily among the creepers and broken trunks when a bird, a vision of red and yellow, flashed upwards with a witchlike cry; and this cry was echoed by another.
"Hi!" it said. "Wait a minute!"
The undergrowth at the side of the scar was shaken and a multitude of raindrops fell pattering.
"Wait a minute," the voice said. "I got caught up."
The fair boy stopped and jerked his stockings with an automatic gesture that made the jungle seem for a moment like the Home Counties.
The voice spoke again.
"I can't hardly move with all these creeper things."
The owner of the voice came backing out of the undergrowth so that twigs scratched on a greasy wind-breaker. The naked crooks of his knees were plump, caught and scratched by thorns. He bent down, removed the thorns carefully, and turned around. He was shorter than the fair boy and very fat. He came forward, searching out safe lodgments for his feet, and then looked up through thick spectacles.
"Where's the man with the megaphone?"
The fair boy shook his head.
"This is an island. At least I think it's an island. That's a reef out in the sea. Perhaps there aren't any grownups anywhere."
The fat boy looked startled.
"There was that pilot. But he wasn't in the passenger cabin, he was up in front."
The fair boy was peering at the reef through screwed-up eyes.
"All them other kids," the fat boy went on. "Some of them must have got out. They must have, mustn't they?"
The fair boy began to pick his way as casually as possible toward the water. He tried to be offhand and not too obviously uninterested, but the fat boy hurried after him.
"Aren't there any grownups at all?"
"I don't think so."
The fair boy said this solemnly; but then the delight of a realized ambition overcame him. In the middle of the scar he stood on his head and grinned at the reversed fat boy.
The fat boy thought for a moment.
The fair boy allowed his feet to come down and sat on the steamy earth.
"He must have flown off after he dropped us. He couldn't land here. Not in a place with wheels."
"We was attacked!"
"He'll be back all right."
The fat boy shook his head.
"When we was coming down I looked through one of them windows. I saw the other part of the plane. There were flames coming out of it."
He looked up and down the scar.
"And this is what the cabin done."
The fair boy reached out and touched the jagged end of a trunk. For a moment he looked interested.
"What happened to it?" he asked. "Where's it got to now?"
"That storm dragged it out to sea. It wasn't half dangerous with all them tree trunks falling. There must have been some kids still in it."
He hesitated for a moment, then spoke again.
"What's your name?"
The fat boy waited to be asked his name in turn but this proffer of acquaintance was not made; the fair boy called Ralph smiled vaguely, stood up, and began to make his way once more toward the lagoon. The fat boy hung steadily at his shoulder.
"I expect there's a lot more of us scattered about. You haven't seen any others, have you?"
Ralph shook his head and increased his speed. Then he tripped over a branch and came down with a crash.
The fat boy stood by him, breathing hard.
"My auntie told me not to run," he explained, "on account of my asthma."
"That's right. Can't catch my breath. I was the only boy in our school what had asthma," said the fat boy with a touch of pride. "And I've been wearing specs since I was three."
He took off his glasses and held them out to Ralph, blinking and smiling, and then started to wipe them against his grubby wind-breaker. An expression of pain and inward concentration altered the pale contours of his face. He smeared the sweat from his cheeks and quickly adjusted the spectacles on his nose.
He glanced round the scar.
"Them fruit," he said, "I expect"
He put on his glasses, waded away from Ralph, and crouched down among the tangled foliage.
"I'll be out again in just a minute"
Ralph disentangled himself cautiously and stole away through the branches. In a few seconds the fat boy's grunts were behind him and he was hurrying toward the screen that still lay between him and the lagoon. He climbed over a broken trunk and was out of the jungle.
The shore was fledged with palm trees. These stood or leaned or reclined against the light and their green feathers were a hundred feet up in the air. The ground beneath them was a bank covered with coarse grass, torn everywhere by the upheavals of fallen trees, scattered with decaying coconuts and palm saplings. Behind this was the darkness of the forest proper and the open space of the scar. Ralph stood, one hand against a grey trunk, and screwed up his eyes against the shimmering water. Out there, perhaps a mile away, the white surf flinked on a coral reef, and beyond that the open sea was dark blue. Within the irregular arc of coral the lagoon was still as a mountain lakeblue of all shades and shadowy green and purple. The beach between the palm terrace and the water was a thin stick, endless apparently, for to Ralph's left the perspectives of palm and beach and water drew to a point at infinity; and always, almost visible, was the heat.
He jumped down from the terrace. The sand was thick over his black shoes and the heat hit him. He became conscious of the weight of clothes, kicked his shoes off fiercely and ripped off each stocking with its elastic garter in a single movement. Then he leapt back on the terrace, pulled off his shirt, and stood there among the skull-like coconuts with green shadows from the palms and the forest sliding over his skin. He undid the snake-clasp of his belt, lugged off his shorts and pants, and stood there naked, looking at the dazzling beach and the water.
He was old enough, twelve years and a few months, to have lost the prominent tummy of childhood and not yet old enough for adolescence to have made him awkward. You could see now that he might make a boxer, as far as width and heaviness of shoulders went, but there was a mildness about his mouth and eyes that proclaimed no devil. He patted the palm trunk softly, and, forced at last to believe in the reality of the island laughed delightedly again and stood on his head. He turned nearly on to his feet, jumped down to the beach, knelt and swept a double armful of sand into a pile against his chest. Then he sat back and looked at the water with bright, excited eyes.
The fat boy lowered himself over the terrace and sat down carefully, using the edge as a seat.
"I'm sorry I been such a time. Them fruit"
He wiped his glasses and adjusted them on his button nose. The frame had made a deep, pink "V" on the bridge. He looked critically at Ralph's golden body and then down at his own clothes. He laid a hand on the end of a zipper that extended down his chest.
Then he opened the zipper with decision and pulled the whole wind-breaker over his head.
Ralph looked at him sidelong and said nothing.
"I expect we'll want to know all their names," said the fat boy, "and make a list. We ought to have a meeting."
Ralph did not take the hint so the fat boy was forced to continue.
"I don't care what they call me," he said confidentially, "so long as they don't call me what they used to call me at school."
Ralph was faintly interested.
"What was that?"
The fat boy glanced over his shoulder, then leaned toward Ralph.
"They used to call me 'Piggy.'"
Ralph shrieked with laughter. He jumped up.
Piggy clasped his hands in apprehension.
"I said I didn't want"
Ralph danced out into the hot air of the beach and then returned as a fighter-plane, with wings swept back, and machine-gunned Piggy.
He dived in the sand at Piggy's feet and lay there laughing.
Piggy grinned reluctantly, pleased despite himself at even this much recognition.
"So long as you don't tell the others"
Ralph giggled into the sand. The expression of pain and concentration returned to Piggy's face.
"Half a sec'."
He hastened back into the forest. Ralph stood up and trotted along to the right.
Here the beach was interrupted abruptly by the square motif of the landscape; a great platform of pink granite thrust up uncompromisingly through forest and terrace and sand and lagoon to make a raised jetty four feet high. The top of this was covered with a thin layer of soil and coarse grass and shaded with young palm trees. There was not enough soil for them to grow to any height and when they reached perhaps twenty feet they fell and dried, forming a criss-cross pattern of trunks, very convenient to sit on. The palms that still stood made a green roof, covered on the underside with a quivering tangle of reflections from the lagoon. Ralph hauled himself onto this platform, noted the coolness and shade, shut one eye, and decided that the shadows on his body were really green. He picked his way to the seaward edge of the platform and stood looking down into the water. It was clear to the bottom and bright with the efflorescence of tropical weed and coral. A school of tiny, glittering fish flicked hither and thither. Ralph spoke to himself, sounding the bass strings of delight.
Beyond the platform there was more enchantment. Some act of Goda typhoon perhaps, or the storm that had accompanied his own arrivalhad banked sand inside the lagoon so that there was a long, deep pool in the beach with a high ledge of pink granite at the further end. Ralph had been deceived before now by the specious appearance of depth in a beach pool and he approached this one preparing to be disappointed. But the island ran true to form and the incredible pool, which clearly was only invaded by the sea at high tide, was so deep at one end as to be dark green. Ralph inspected the whole thirty yards carefully and then plunged in. The water was warmer than his blood and he might have been swimming in a huge bath.
Piggy appeared again, sat on the rocky ledge, and watched Ralph's green and white body enviously.
"You can't half swim."
Piggy took off his shoes and socks, ranged them carefully on the ledge, and tested the water with one toe.
"What did you expect?"
"I didn't expect nothing. My auntie"
"Sucks to your auntie!"
Ralph did a surface dive and swam under water with his eyes open; the sandy edge of the pool loomed up like a hillside. He turned over, holding his nose, and a golden light danced and shattered just over his face. Piggy was looking determined and began to take off his shorts. Presently he was palely and fatly naked. He tiptoed down the sandy side of the pool, and sat there up to his neck in water smiling proudly at Ralph.
"Aren't you going to swim?"
Piggy shook his head.
"I can't swim. I wasn't allowed. My asthma"
"Sucks to your ass-mar!"
Piggy bore this with a sort of humble patience.
"You can't half swim well."
Ralph paddled backwards down the slope, immersed his mouth and blew a jet of water into the air. Then he lifted his chin and spoke.
"I could swim when I was five. Daddy taught me. He's a commander in the Navy. When he gets leave he'll come and rescue us. What's your father?"
Piggy flushed suddenly.
"My dad's dead," he said quickly, "and my mum"
He took off his glasses and looked vainly for something with which to clean them.
"I used to live with my auntie. She kept a candy store. I used to get ever so many candies. As many as I liked. When'll your dad rescue us?"
"Soon as he can."
Piggy rose dripping from the water and stood naked, cleaning his glasses with a sock. The only sound that reached them now through the heat of the morning was the long, grinding roar of the breakers on the reef.
"How does he know we're here?"
Ralph lolled in the water. Sleep enveloped him like the swathing mirages that were wrestling with the brilliance of the lagoon.
"How does he know we're here?"
Because, thought Ralph, because, because. The roar from the reef became very distant.
"They'd tell him at the airport."
Piggy shook his head, put on his flashing glasses and looked down at Ralph.
"Not them. Didn't you hear what the pilot said? About the atom bomb? They're all dead."
Ralph pulled himself out of the water, stood facing Piggy, and considered this unusual problem.
"This an island, isn't it?"
"I climbed a rock," said Ralph slowly, "and I think this is an island."
"They're all dead," said Piggy, "an' this is an island. Nobody don't know we're here. Your dad don't know, nobody don't know"
His lips quivered and the spectacles were dimmed with mist.
"We may stay here till we die."
With that word the heat seemed to increase till it became a threatening weight and the lagoon attacked them with a blinding effulgence.
"Get my clothes," muttered Ralph. "Along there."
He trotted through the sand, enduring the sun's enmity, crossed the platform and found his scattered clothes. To put on a grey shirt once more was strangely pleasing. Then he climbed the edge of the platform and sat in the green shade on a convenient trunk. Piggy hauled himself up, carrying most of his clothes under his arms. Then he sat carefully on a fallen trunk near the little cliff that fronted the lagoon; and the tangled reflections quivered over him.
Presently he spoke.
"We got to find the others. We got to do something."
Ralph said nothing. Here was a coral island. Protected from the sun, ignoring Piggy's ill-omened talk, he dreamed pleasantly.
"How many of us are there?"
Ralph came forward and stood by Piggy.
"I don't know."
Here and there, little breezes crept over the polished waters beneath the haze of heat. When these breezes reached the platform the palm fronds would whisper, so that spots of blurred sunlight slid over their bodies or moved like bright, winged things in the shade.
Piggy looked up at Ralph. All the shadows on Ralph's face were reversed; green above, bright below from the lagoon. A blur of sunlight was crawling across his hair.
"We got to do something."
Ralph looked through him. Here at last was the imagined but never fully realized place leaping into real life. Ralph's lips parted in a delighted smile and Piggy, taking this smile to himself as a mark of recognition, laughed with pleasure.
"If it really is an island"
Ralph had stopped smiling and was pointing into the lagoon. Something creamy lay among the ferny weeds.
"No. A shell."
Suddenly Piggy was a-bubble with decorous excitement.
"S'right. It's a shell! I seen one like that before. On someone's back wall. A conch he called it. He used to blow it and then his mum would come. It's ever so valuable"
Near to Ralph's elbow a palm sapling leaned out over the lagoon. Indeed, the weight was already pulling a lump from the poor soil and soon it would fall. He tore out the stem and began to poke about in the water, while the brilliant fish flicked away on this side and that. Piggy leaned dangerously.
"Careful! You'll break it"
Ralph spoke absently. The shell was interesting and pretty and a worthy plaything; but the vivid phantoms of his day-dream still interposed between him and Piggy, who in this context was an irrelevance. The palm sapling, bending, pushed the shell across the weeds. Ralph used one hand as a fulcrum and pressed down with the other till the shell rose, dripping, and Piggy could make a grab.
Now the shell was no longer a thing seen but not to be touched, Ralph too became excited. Piggy babbled:
"a conch; ever so expensive. I bet if you wanted to buy one, you'd have to pay pounds and pounds and poundshe had it on his garden wall, and my auntie"
Ralph took the shell from Piggy and a little water ran down his arm. In color the shell was deep cream, touched here and there with fading pink. Between the point, worn away into a little hole, and the pink lips of the mouth, lay eighteen inches of shell with a slight spiral twist and covered with a delicate, embossed pattern. Ralph shook sand out of the deep tube.
"mooed like a cow," he said. "He had some white stones too, an' a bird cage with a green parrot. He didn't blow the white stones, of course, an' he said"
Piggy paused for breath and stroked the glistening thing that lay in Ralph's hands.
Ralph looked up.
"We can use this to call the others. Have a meeting. They'll come when they hear us"
He beamed at Ralph.
"That was what you meant, didn't you? That's why you got the conch out of the water?"
Ralph pushed back his fair hair.
"How did your friend blow the conch?"
"He kind of spat," said Piggy. "My auntie wouldn't let me blow on account of my asthma. He said you blew from down here." Piggy laid a hand on his jutting abdomen. "You try, Ralph. You'll call the others."
Doubtfully, Ralph laid the small end of the shell against his mouth and blew. There came a rushing sound from its mouth but nothing more. Ralph wiped the salt water off his lips and tried again, but the shell remained silent.
"He kind of spat."
Ralph pursed his lips and squirted air into the shell, which emitted a low, farting noise. This amused both boys so much that Ralph went on squirting for some minutes, between bouts of laughter.
"He blew from down here."
Ralph grasped the idea and hit the shell with air from his diaphragm. Immediately the thing sounded. A deep, harsh note boomed under the palms, Spread through the intricacies of the forest and echoed back from the pink granite of the mountain. Clouds of birds rose from the treetops, and something squealed and ran in the undergrowth.
Ralph took the shell away from his lips.
His ordinary voice sounded like a whisper after the harsh note of the conch. He laid the conch against his lips, took a deep breath and blew once more. The note boomed again: and then at his firmer pressure, the note, fluking up an octave, became a strident blare more penetrating than before. Piggy was shouting something, his face pleased, his glasses flashing. The birds cried, small animals scuttered. Ralph's breath failed; the note dropped the octave, became a low wubber, was a rush of air.
The conch was silent, a gleaming tusk; Ralph's face was dark with breathlessness and the air over the island was full of bird-clamor and echoes ringing.
"I bet you can hear that for miles."
Ralph found his breath and blew a series of short blasts.
Piggy exclaimed: "There's one!"
A child had appeared among the palms, about a hundred yards along the beach. He was a boy of perhaps six years, sturdy and fair, his clothes torn, his face covered with a sticky mess of fruit. His trousers had been lowered for an obvious purpose and had only been pulled back half-way. He jumped off the palm terrace into the sand and his trousers fell about his ankles; he stepped out of them and trotted to the platform. Piggy helped him up. Meanwhile Ralph continued to blow till voices shouted in the forest. The small boy squatted in front of Ralph, looking up brightly and vertically. As he received the reassurance of something purposeful being done he began to look satisfied, and his only clean digit, a pink thumb, slid into his mouth.
Piggy leaned down to him.
"What's yer name?"
Piggy muttered the name to himself and then shouted it to Ralph, who was not interested because he was still blowing. His face was dark with the violent pleasure of making this stupendous noise, and his heart was making the stretched shirt shake. The shouting in the forest was nearer.
Signs of life were visible now on the beach. The sand, trembling beneath the heat haze, concealed many figures in its miles of length; boys were making their way toward the platform through the hot, dumb sand. Three small children, no older than Johnny, appeared from startlingly close at hand, where they had been gorging fruit in the forest. A dark little boy, not much younger than Piggy, parted a tangle of undergrowth, walked on to the platform, and smiled cheerfully at everybody. More and more of them came. Taking their cue from the innocent Johnny, they sat down on the fallen palm trunks and waited. Ralph continued to blow short, penetrating blasts. Piggy moved among the crowd, asking names and frowning to remember them. The children gave him the same simple obedience that they had given to the men with megaphones. Some were naked and carrying their clothes; others half-naked, or more or less dressed, in school uniforms, grey, blue, fawn, jacketed, or jerseyed. There were badges, mottoes even, stripes of color in stockings and pullovers. Their heads clustered above the trunks in the green shade; heads brown, fair, black, chestnut, sandy, mouse-colored; heads muttering, whispering, heads full of eyes that watched Ralph and speculated. Something was being done.
The children who came along the beach, singly or in twos, leapt into visibility when they crossed the line from heat haze to nearer sand. Here, the eye was first attracted to a black, bat-like creature that danced on the sand, and only later perceived the body above it. The bat was the child's shadow, shrunk by the vertical sun to a patch between the hurrying feet. Even while he blew, Ralph noticed the last pair of bodies that reached the platform above a fluttering patch of black. The two boys, bullet-headed and with hair like tow, flung themselves down and lay grinning and panting at Ralph like dogs. They were twins, and the eye was shocked and incredulous at such cheery duplication. They breathed together, they grinned together, they were chunky and vital. They raised wet lips at Ralph, for they seemed provided with not quite enough skin, so that their profiles were blurred and their mouths pulled open. Piggy bent his flashing glasses to them and could be heard between the blasts, repeating their names.
"Sam, Eric, Sam, Eric."
Then he got muddled; the twins shook their heads and pointed at each other and the crowd laughed.
At last Ralph ceased to blow and sat there, the conch trailing from one hand, his head bowed on his knees. As the echoes died away so did the laughter, and there was silence.
Within the diamond haze of the beach something dark was fumbling along. Ralph saw it first, and watched till the intentness of his gaze drew all eyes that way. Then the creature stepped from mirage on to clear sand, and they saw that the darkness was not all shadow but mostly clothing. The creature was a party of boys, marching approximately in step in two parallel lines and dressed in strangely eccentric clothing. Shorts, shirts, and different garments they carried in their hands; but each boy wore a square black cap with a silver badge on it. Their bodies, from throat to ankle, were hidden by black cloaks which bore a long silver cross on the left breast and each neck was finished off with a hambone frill. The heat of the tropics, the descent, the search for food, and now this sweaty march along the blazing beach had given them the complexions of newly washed plums. The boy who controlled them was dressed in the same way though his cap badge was golden. When his party was about ten yards from the platform he shouted an order and they halted, gasping, sweating, swaying in the fierce light. The boy himself came forward, vaulted on to the platform with his cloak flying, and peered into what to him was almost complete darkness.
"Where's the man with the trumpet?"
Ralph, sensing his sun-blindness, answered him.
"There's no man with a trumpet. Only me."
The boy came close and peered down at Ralph, screwing up his face as he did so. What he saw of the fair-haired boy with the creamy shell on his knees did not seem to satisfy him. He turned quickly, his black cloak circling.
"Isn't there a ship, then?"
Inside the floating cloak he was tall, thin, and bony; and his hair was red beneath the black cap. His face was crumpled and freckled, and ugly without silliness. Out of this face stared two light blue eyes, frustrated now, and turning, or ready to turn, to anger.
"Isn't there a man here?"
Ralph spoke to his back.
"No. We're having a meeting. Come and join in."
The group of cloaked boys began to scatter from close line. The tall boy shouted at them.
"Choir! Stand still!"
Wearily obedient, the choir huddled into line and stood there swaying in the sun. None the less, some began to protest faintly.
"But, Merridew. Please, Merridew ... can't we?"
Then one of the boys flopped on his face in the sand and the line broke up. They heaved the fallen boy to the platform and let him lie. Merridew, his eyes staring, made the best of a bad job.
"All right then. Sit down. Let him alone."
"He's always throwing a faint," said Merridew. "He did in Gib.; and Addis; and at matins over the precentor."
This last piece of shop brought sniggers from the choir, who perched like black birds on the criss-cross trunks and examined Ralph with interest. Piggy asked no names. He was intimidated by this uniformed superiority and the offhand authority in Merridew's voice. He shrank to the other side of Ralph and busied himself with his glasses.
Merridew turned to Ralph.
"Aren't there any grownups?"
Merridew sat down on a trunk and looked round the circle.
"Then we'll have to look after ourselves."
Secure on the other side of Ralph, Piggy spoke timidly.
"That's why Ralph made a meeting. So as we can decide what to do. We've heard names. That's Johnny. Those twothey're twins, Sam 'n Eric. Which is Eric? You? Noyou're Sam"
"'n I'm Eric."
"We'd better all have names," said Ralph, "so I'm Ralph."
"We got most names," said Piggy. "Got 'em just now."
"Kids' names," said Merridew. "Why should I be Jack? I'm Merridew."
Ralph turned to him quickly. This was the voice of one who knew his own mind.
"Then," went on Piggy, "that boyI forget"
"You're talking too much," said Jack Merridew. "Shut up, Fatty."
"He's not Fatty," cried Ralph, "his real name's Piggy!"
A storm of laughter arose and even the tiniest child joined in. For the moment the boys were a closed circuit of sympathy with Piggy outside: he went very pink, bowed his head and cleaned his glasses again.
Finally the laughter died away and the naming continued. There was Maurice, next in size among the choir boys to Jack, but broad and grinning all the time. There was a slight, furtive boy whom no one knew, who kept to himself with an inner intensity of avoidance and secrecy. He muttered that his name was Roger and was silent again. Bill, Robert, Harold, Henry; the choir boy who had fainted sat up against a palm trunk, smiled pallidly at Ralph and said that his name was Simon.
"We've got to decide about being rescued."
There was a buzz. One of the small boys, Henry, said that he wanted to go home.
"Shut up," said Ralph absently. He lifted the conch. "Seems to me we ought to have a chief to decide things."
"A chief! A chief!"
"I ought to be chief," said Jack with simple arrogance, "because I'm chapter chorister and head boy. I can sing C sharp."
"Well then," said Jack, "I"
He hesitated. The dark boy, Roger, stirred at last and spoke up.
"Let's have a vote."
"Vote for chief!"
This toy of voting was almost as pleasing as the conch. Jack started to protest but the clamor changed from the general wish for a chief to an election by acclaim of Ralph himself. None of the boys could have found good reason for this; what intelligence had been shown was traceable to Piggy while the most obvious leader was Jack. But there was a stillness about Ralph as he sat that marked him out: there was his size, and attractive appearance; and most obscurely, yet most powerfully, there was the conch. The being that had blown that, had sat waiting for them on the platform with the delicate thing balanced on his knees, was set apart.
"Him with the shell."
"Let him be chief with the trumpet-thing."
Ralph raised a hand for silence.
"All right. Who wants Jack for chief?"
With dreary obedience the choir raised their hands.
"Who wants me?"
Every hand outside the choir except Piggy's was raised immediately. Then Piggy, too, raised his hand grudgingly into the air.
"I'm chief then."
The circle of boys broke into applause. Even the choir applauded; and the freckles on Jack's face disappeared under a blush of mortification. He started up, then changed his mind and sat down again while the air rang. Ralph looked at him, eager to offer something.
"The choir belongs to you, of course."
"They could be the army"
"They could be"
The suffusion drained away from Jack's face. Ralph waved again for silence.
"Jack's in charge of the choir. They can bewhat do you want them to be?"
Jack and Ralph smiled at each other with shy liking. The rest began to talk eagerly.
Jack stood up.
"All right, choir. Take off your togs."
As if released from class, the choir boys stood up, chattered, piled their black cloaks on the grass. Jack laid his on the trunk by Ralph. His grey shorts were sticking to him with sweat. Ralph glanced at them admiringly, and when Jack saw his glance he explained.
"I tried to get over that hill to see if there was water all round. But your shell called us."
Ralph smiled and held up the conch for silence.
"Listen, everybody. I've got to have time to think things out. I can't decide what to do straight off. If this isn't an island we might be rescued straight away. So we've got to decide if this is an island. Everybody must stay round here and wait and not go away. Three of usif we take more we'd get all mixed, and lose each otherthree of us will go on an expedition and find out. I'll go, and Jack, and, and...."
He looked round the circle of eager faces. There was no lack of boys to choose from.
Table of ContentsPlot synopsis
about William Golding
who's who in "The Lord of the Flies"
themes in "The Lord of the Flies"
how to write an examination essay
how to write a coursework essay.
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I was assigned to read this book for school and I read the entire thing cover to cover in a few hours. It's an amazing and consuming story that shows how people can be innately good or evil.It dives into the human psyche and unrivels the tangled knot that is the mind. It also envolpes the religous scope of man, Simon as a Christ character and the pigs head as Beelzebub,great. I do admit dialogue is hard to follow but if you take the time to look past that it's amazing! One of the best books I have ever read!!
Lord of the Flies is a novel filled with symbolism. The novel takes place on an island were young boys are plane wrecked and have to figure out how to survive with no parents. Starting out civilized, they quickly progress into savagery. While everything is falling apart Golding uses characters and items found on the island to represent symbols all throughout the book. I recommend reading lord of the flies, it is a great novel full of symbolism and it gives you a different view of how life could be with no rules.
I was lonely one Saturday afternoon and after pondering my bookshelf, I decided to pick up my copy of Lord of the Flies; it was a great way to spend the next six hours. This tale was so engrossing that I finished it that same Saturday.
The reason this book was so captivating was Golding's carefully woven tale of wonder and brutality. Not only is Lord of the Flies an allegory, but it is also a tale where we are forced to confront the utterly shocking extremes of human nature.
I would highly recommend this book to anyone who is looking for a challenging and frightening, yet extremely enjoyable read. Here's to hoping that I never get stranded on an island with adolescent British boys!
From a long list of books to choose from for a school project, Lord of the flies stood out as one of the few books I hadn't read, but I heard was amazing. Within a day, I read the whole book, and I have to agree, it's a work of art. This book shows just how savage we really are, and how civilization keeps us in place everyday. When you trace mankind to their roots, you realize how our basic instincts are to be savage killers. And when taken away from civilization and society, we have nothing but our own instincts on how to act. I thought if it can happen among children, it can definitely happen between grown men; Maybe to an even great extent. This book made me think thoroughly on the subject; comparing it to today's society. After you read this book, I'm sure you too will be left in thought and wonder.
Lord of the flies captivates ones imagination with its extreme details. The reader feels as if their there with the group of boys, with how extensive Golding's descriptions are. This book shows how quickly civilizations can crumble, and how horrible its outcome can be. I recommend this book to any readers who are adventurous. Lord of the flies is a very interesting novel.
This book was great. Lots of really good symbols for things in real life. While the message is pessimistic about human nature i think it is honest. Not all people are good. In fact, many people are bad and do bad things. I appreciate the honesty of this book. While it is fiction i like that it was not your typical happy predictable story.
Jack, Ralph, and Piggy all represent something. Jack represents dictatorship. He has a violent personality and sees hunting as a must. Piggy represents intelligence and the public. He’s a chubby boy who wants rule and order in the island. Ralph represents democracy and common sense. He is the strong one and the leader. Without him or Piggy, there would only be violence which is Jack. The island sets up 2 main conflicts. On an external side, the conflict goes between Jack and Ralph. Hunting or Rescue. Dictatorship or Democracy. As you can see in the book, most of the boy’s side up with Jack’s way and few joined up with Ralph. But if you go in deeper you can see the internal side. Fear of the beast. Fear of the darkness in man’s heart. In the book, Simon tried explaining about how maybe the beast was within them and not physically but mentally. The book was good in keeping in suspense and was very interesting such as when Simon began talking to the Lord of the Flies which was a dead pig head. Another good point was the amount of symbolization in the book. The conch represented democracy and the will to speak. Every character represented something and the details in the story also. The best part of the story though was the way Golding described his characters. It was very fluid and keeps you entranced in the story. The way he described Ralph in the beginning was eye-catching. In either ways, this book was a very interesting read to a very good way to spend time.
This was one of the few books that I thoroughly enjoyed. The author does a very good job in examining human nature and expressing his opinion in the book. The book shows that when put into a very serious situation our true selves come out and we may lose who we are. The style of writing that the author uses keeps me turning the pages. The way it was written kept you reading to see what would happen next. The only thing was that it takes some getting used to. The author did a very good job in creating the characters. Each one represented different kinds of people and their aspects. The real brutality of jack only came out when he felt threatened like a cat backed into a corner. Portraying real aspects of people in writing is hard but Golding pulled it off very well. This book was a fun read and I recommend it to everyone.
This book starts off slow, and i was anything but enchanted by it, but it turned out to be one of the best books that i have read. At first, i thoght all of the descriptions were not needed to progress the plot, but the last section of the book changed my mind entirely. This is a must read.
The book, "Lord of the Flies" has many aspects that make a great book, one aspect is symbolism. Piggy's glasses, the conch, the Beast, and the Lord of the Flies all symbolize different aspects of civilization, order, and chaos. I would recommend this novel to someone that enjoys a story of survival on an island and the decline of civilization and the rise of savagery but wants deeper symbolism in a book about the decline of civilization and the rise of savagery.
I had to read this book for my 8th grade class and I have to say it was kind of interesting. I guess it was ok but sometimes I thought that it was really boring when it got to the really long, descriptive paragraphs. But it some parts it was really spooky and engaging. This book was very different for me because it was very symbolic and sometimes really important things would happen and I didn't know what was happening. This book really shows the transformation of the schoolboys that got stuck in the island. They went from regular children to insane savages who were so crazy for food that they were willing to kill each other. Overall, I liked the book but it gets really boring sometimes
Is this okay for an 8th grader to read?
Lord of the Flies is a great book and displays symbolism throughout the whole book. On of the most thought-provoking symbols is "the beast", it reoresents the evil within everyone. In the beginning, the boys are afraid of it. Gradually, they forget about it. When they forget about the beast completely, it shows that they have become savages. I recommend this book to any reader that likes to think a lot about what they are reading.
Lord of the Flies (LOF) why is that english teachers think that this a coming of age novel? LOF is no doubt an intresting and intruing story and maybe and eye to the more raw side of humanity. When you strip away the rules and the adults if you turn off the lights are we no longer humans do we become no more than animals? That is the question LOF brings up and, Golding has a black view of human nature in genral. When young "civilized" english boys come to an island where there are no grown ups and no rules they become uncivlized and start to kill each other. This book is challenging and best read with spark notes or in class when there is a lot of dissucsion because it is easy to get lost with this book
Plain in simple, this book was a great read. Trying to understand all the symbolism in it kept me very entertained. I found myself re reading chapters to understand. Such a great book that truly defines the flaws in society. I would recommend this book to anyone.
This grading period in my English II class, students were assigned to choose a historic literary fiction novel to read and review. The novel I chose was William Goldings' Lord of the Flies. I chose this specific novel because I was already quite familiar with the story, this being the third or fourth time reading it, and it's easily one of my most favorite novels. Lord of the Flies starts out with a British plane that has crashed onto a deserted island. The only survivors are young boys, all below the age of 13. Two of the boys, Ralph, and one given the name “Piggy” find a conch, in which Ralph uses as a horn to bring all the survivors to one area. Two of the boys, Ralph, and Jack Merridew arise to be the two most dominant. Jack is the leader of a choir group that was among the survivors. Ralph is voted chief, losing only the votes of Jack's fellow choirboys. Ralph sets two goals: have fun, and work towards a rescue by maintaining a constant fire signal They create the fire with Piggy's glasses, nearly catching the whole island on fire. For a time, the boys work together. This quickly changes though, with the boys becoming complete and utter animals, showing their barbarianism. Lord of the Flies is a great book. William Golding does a perfect job dissecting how humans work and portraying the savage side us, normally being hidden by our “being civilized.” When taken away from society, we resort to our basic instincts. William Golding wrote Lord of the Flies with the purpose of showing how fierce and brutal we really can be. While reading, you really do feel like you are on the island with the young boys, experiencing it all alongside them. Everything mentioned in the book when it was written, is still, if not more relevant to today's society and culture. I would recommend Lord of the Flies to anybody who likes adventure books. I thought that this was a very good book for many reasons. One of the reasons is that it was very descriptive. When the boys landed on the deserted island, from the description I could easily tell what the island looked like, therefore I got the picture of the setting of the book. Another thing that I thought made this book very good was that it was very realistic. When the boys landed on the island, and were living there, they fought, argued, and cried like normal boys would. That really contributed to the tense mood of the story. It was all very sad, not because there was bloodshed or killing, but because the boys felt so much hatred towards each other. By the end of the book, I felt like I personally knew some of the characters This wasn't a very difficult book to read, but some pages I had to re-read to fully understand . Easily one of the most worthwhile books to read in the world.
Lord of the Flies is a great book to read for someone who enjoys to connect with the characters and put themselves in their situation. This book dives in to the evil the resides in every human, even children. From Ralph discovering the power of the conch shell, to Jack and his entourage abandoning the group, this story keeps the reader on the edge of their seat. As I put myself in the character's shoes I begin to wonder how I would react to their situation. Alone on the island with no adults or direction. The indolence of some of the boys would start to annoy me if I was Ralph. At the beginning, being saved and finding something to eat is their main priority; however, finding food becomes the least of their problems in the end. Overall Lord of the Flies is a good read and I recommend it for readers of all ages, but especially high school students.
Lord of the Flies gives an enlightening yet terrifying view into the very essence of human nature. By stripping a group of young boys of the rules and omnipresent expectations of society, Goulding allows the characters to free themselves from past beliefs and carve their own new set of values, many of which to the reader seem to be not only unreasonable but also horrifying. The chaos that ensues suggests that the ideas of moral right and wrong may not even exist without civilization; therefore human beings themselves are sculpted more by societal traditions then many would like to believe. The book’s main success in addressing this theme emerges from the duality of the protagonist, Ralph. This mere twelve-year-old boy, with the influence civilization impressed upon him but not yet set in stone, symbolizes the clash between learned logic and animalistic nature, which creates a connection that allows the reader to understand that the violence and seemingly illogical decisions of the other boys perhaps aren’t as unrealistic as they might first appear. Had Ralph been more like Piggy, the consistent voice of reason, the other boys’ savage ideas would have seemed unrealistic, or at least an exception when it comes to generalizing human nature. By showing how Ralph must fight off his instinctual thoughts, Goulding gave the reader no choice but to question how virtuous humans truly are at the core. The main flaw of this piece of literature is what could be considered to be an overuse of symbolism. Many of the figurative devices are worked into the story beautifully, and augment the themes. However, Goulding relies heavily, almost comically on the motif of pigs. It likely would have been sufficient to liken the character Piggy to a pig, rather than have that be his name for the entire story. Although excluding Piggy’s real name has a layer of meaning to it, the prevalence of pigs becomes excessive and distracting. The connections between the character and the hunted animals, especially the one whose head was mounted on a stake, could have benefited from a more subtle approach rather than repetition of the word “pig.” Overall, William Goulding was extremely effective at crafting a haunting story that stimulates thought about the darkness of human nature and gives a reader more each time he or she reads it.
First, I would like to say, right away, that I absolutely loved this book. Fast page turner and you just can't wait to see what happens next. Now, as far as the story and the underlining meaning go. Meat or rescue!! Meat or rescue? Instant gratification or plan to succeed in a long run? The story is about a bunch of British boys of various ages, who end up, due to the plane crash on the deserted island. Though they are young, aging from 6 to 12, they are right away thrown into decisions on rules, order and plan of what needs to be done to survive and eventually being rescued. Not to ruin it further, I will not say more than this as far as the plot, but I do want to point out a few things that just a great example of society structure in any given situation. Right away the boys decide to set up leadership and rules. Though, at first, they follow that structure, democratic counsel of their assembly, the leadership and ranking, they eventually do not subject themselves to the outline of their rules. Even though there are those who do want to keep everything in line, as per agreed, there are others who choose to rule by a mob mentality and modify their societal structure as they see fit, hence instant gratification and chaos, even tyranny. It is a perfect example that if we, as a society are driven by democracy, without any specific set of rules that we all follow, eventually we end up with disastrous outcomes, even if it seems to be pleasing in the short term. The structure, where everyone has input, but sticks to the same set of rules, is the only structure that makes people live by certain standards, not power struggle and emotions. Not promises of instant pleasures, but goals to eventually succeed for everyone's benefit. I am not talking about everyone's benefit in the "equal and fair" scenario where everyone pretends that we can all do our equal and fair share, but the actual set of standards, rules and assigned tasks to complete a specific task. We see many examples where, if we all get the same, if we all work together, fail and fail every single time. When everyone rips the same benefit, but doesn't have to work the same, then eventually you end up with no one doing and everyone wanting. Also, we see, that if someone has something to dangle in front of the others and the rules are not kept, then you have tyranny based on promises of quick and instant gratification, hence "I give you meat". What about the rescue? Well, I give you meat now!! I love this book. It is a perfect example of a society in a very simple terms. How society as such, can exist, but only due to conditions that are set and mentioned above, otherwise we are all savages who are run by another savage, who throws us a piece of meat now and then.
Read it in 10th grade. Awesome book!!
I really enjoyed reading this book, I recommend this to anyone like reality.
A group of young school boys' plane crashes on a deserted island. The boys are forced to fight for their survival, and through a series of events their lives and personalities start to alter. I thought that the book was incredible. No doubt that it was one of the most interesting and well written books I have ever read. It had a captivating storyline and well rounded characters. William Golding does an incredible job at answering his own question of "If you take man out of civilization, will he still be civilized?" He shows a great deal about the nature of humans. I loved this book and would recommend it to anyone.
This book is really great. You should read this book or otherwise you dont know what's this book about and u will never know no how to survive on island without someone!
William Golding's novel Lord of the Flies, can more appropriately be called my favorite book that I have ever read for a school assignment. I found it to be a very appealing book that really caught my interests. The way that Golding left you in suspense through the entire novel really helped me to pay attention the most. There was such immense detail in every chapter; it was like I was right there. All of the characters had their own personalities that really made the novel what it was, suspenseful as well as something that you could relate to. It is the descriptions that Golding uses that makes you really have to step back to remember that this is only a novel and not really happening. In the beginning of the novel, you are introduced to a group of young boys who are stranded on an island. The boys are almost destined for tragedy, but by knowing that they are stranded on an island. They are faced with hardships that no one should ever have to face, especially for children as young as five years old, and the oldest of the boys is merely twelve years of age. With no adult supervision on the island with them, the boys think that their time on this tropical island will be fun and enjoyable. The days look as though they will be easy to live through, with crystal clear water to swim in and people to become friends with. But when darkness covers the islands, and insanity gets to the boys, their lives on the island become possessed and evil. The novel makes you wonder what would happen to you if you were faced with the dilemma that these small boys had to face. Lord of the Flies has a certain tone that is entertaining to all readers. It also teaches us some important values, such as actually listening to someone instead of being cruel to them, then wondering why you were so mean when they are long gone. The novel was a wonderful piece of literature that should be recommended to anyone; even those people who we all know hate reading, especially if we are forced to read something. This is the book that will make you think, "I wonder what would happen if I were in their shoes." Overall, Golding's novel left me speechless and wanting more. It was one of those books that you wish would go on forever, but you know that deep down inside, it has to come to a close.
"Lord of the Flies" was an excellent book. It has many different aspects,my favorite being symbolism. There are many examples of symbolism in this book, that promotes irony. I recommend this book for any reader that has imagination and would love to read about an adventure.