Peasant Farming in Muscovy

Peasant Farming in Muscovy

by Robert Ernest Frederick Smith


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This comprehensive study of farming methods and agrarian organization in Russia before the time of Peter the Great shifts the emphasis from the great estates to the basic production unit, the peasant family farms, and uses archaeological and enthnographic materials to supplement the documentary evidence. The methods of production and the farm implements used are described in detail and Professor Smith argues that features inherent in peasant farming account for Russian backwardness during this period. Part I classifies and describes the range of agrarian activities carried on in Muscovy - arable farming, hayfields, livestock, and gathering from the forest - and presents a model of a hypothetical farm unit; Part II examines three regions -Moscow, Toropets and Kazan - which stretch across central European Russia; and Part III provides a chapter on the relationship between peasant farming and the state.

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780521086523
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 12/11/2008
Pages: 316
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

Part I. The Elements of the Peasant Household: 1. Tillage implements, the arable land; 2. The hayfields, livestock; 3. The forest, gathering and extractive industry; 4. The family; 5. A production and consumption model; Part II. Regions: 6. Muscovy; 7 Moscow uezd; 8. Toropets; 9. Kazan' Part III: 10. Peasant farming and the state.

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