Scepticism

Scepticism

by Christopher Hookway

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780415755252
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 11/25/1990
Series: Problems of Philosophy Series
Pages: 264
Product dimensions: 5.50(w) x 8.50(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

Preface viii

Note on references xii

I Pyrrhonism: the Life without Belief 1

1 Introduction 1

2 Pyrrhonism: the elements 4

3 The modes 7

4 Dogma and appearance 11

5 Assertion and action 16

6 Conclusion: Pyrrhonism and philosophy 18

II The Legacy of Pyrrhonism 21

7 Introduction: how to resist Pyrrhonism 21

2 Rationalism and the good life 24

3 Rationalism and medicine 27

4 Scepticism, common sense and life 32

5 The rediscovery of Pyrrhonism 34

6 Constructive scepticism 37

III Descartes: the Deepest Scepticism 41

1 Making scepticism give birth to philosophical certainty 41

2 Levels of doubt 45

3 The dream argument 49

4 The demon 54

5 Cartesian doubt and the everyday criticism of belief 58

6 Conclusion: the external world 62

IV Descartes' Legacy: Science and Circularity 66

1 Introduction: foundations and the circle 66

2 Is there a circle? 70

3 Are there foundations? 75

4 Appearance and reality: Cartesian science 78

5 Inquiry and autonomous self-control 81

V Hume: Scepticism and the True Philosophy 86

1 Introduction: naturalism and scepticism 86

2 Hume's sceptical arguments 90

3 The external world: the natural history of philosophy 94

4 Mitigated scepticism 100

5 Humean Pyrrhonism 104

VI Common Sense and Legitimation 108

1 Introduction 108

2 Reid: common sense foundations 108

3 Common sense and legitimation 111

4 Legitimation 118

5 Carnap and Quine 22

6 Wittgenstein on certainty 125

VII Scepticism and Inquiry 130

1 Why is scepticism a problem? 130

2 Certainly, knowledge, justified belief 132

3 Some lessons of history 136

4 Scepticism and agency 137

5 Inquiry and responsibility 140

6 The challenge of scepticism: a suggestion 143

VIII Autonomy and Scepticism 146

1 Autonomy 146

2 Inquiries 151

3 Scepticism and determinism: the 'Epicurean argument' 154

4 Challenges 158

5 Sceptical challenges 163

6 Conclusion 167

IX Comparisons and Consequences 169

1 Introduction 169

2 Universalizability 169

3 Claims and challenges 173

4 Realism and the structure of reflection 177

5 The appeal of internalism 183

6 Foundations and coherence 187

7 Certainty and justified belief 188

X Why Knowledge Mailers 192

1 Introduction 192

2 'Knows' 195

3 The knowledge inference 198

4 Testimony: the third person case 204

5 The first person case 204

6 Knowledge and scepticism 207

7 Tracking and the avoidance of scepticism 210

XI Naturalism and Autonomy 215

1 Naturalistic epistemology 215

2 Normativity 218

3 Neurath's ship 222

4 Charity and the bruin-in-a-vat 224

5 Restricted inquiries and self-control 230

6 Levels of confidence 233

7 How to avoid scepticism 236

Bibliography 241

Index 247

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