The interactions of the Celtic-speaking communities of Southern Gaul with the Mediterranean world have intrigued commentators since antiquity. This book combines sociolinguistics and archaeology to bring to life the multilingualism and multiple identities of the region from the foundation of the Greek colony of Massalia in 600 BC to the final phases of Roman Imperial power. It builds on the interest generated by the application of modern bilingualism theory to ancient evidence by modelling language contact and community dynamics and adopting an innovative interdisciplinary approach. This produces insights into the entanglements and evolving configurations of a dynamic zone of cultural contact. Key foci of contact-induced change are exposed and new interpretations of cultural phenomena highlight complex origins and influences from the entire Mediterranean koine. Southern Gaul reveals itself to be fertile ground for considering the major themes of multilingualism, ethnolinguistic vitality, multiple identities, colonialism and Mediterraneanization.
About the Author
Alex Mullen is a postdoctoral research fellow at All Souls College, Oxford, having previously been Lumley Research Fellow at Magdalene College, Cambridge, and an Affiliated Lecturer in the Faculty of Classics. Her main research interests lie in the application of contemporary bi- and multilingualism theory to the ancient world and the integration of linguistics and archaeology. She has co-edited (with Patrick James) Multilingualism in the Graeco-Roman Worlds (Cambridge University Press, 2012).
Table of Contents
Part I. Multilingualism and Multiple Identities: Interdisciplinary Methodologies: 1. Multiple voices; 2. Language contact and community dynamics; 3. Bilingual texts and community dynamics; 4. Scripts as indicators of contact; 5. Names as indicators of contact; Part II. Multilingualism and Multiple Identities in Southern Gaul: 6. Gallia in Graeciam translata? Investigating Gaulish-Greek linguistic contacts; 7. 'La Celtique méditerranéenne'? Investigating the influence of the Mediterranean koine; 8. 'D'où rayonna en Occident la civilisation'? Investigating the loci of cultural change; 9. Being Greek, becoming Roman, staying Celtic? Ethnolinguistic vitality from the Augustan period; 10. Conclusions; Appendices.