The Coming of the Third Reich

The Coming of the Third Reich

by Richard J. Evans

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Overview

"The clearest and most gripping account I've read of German life before and during the rise of the Nazis." —A. S Byatt, Times Literary Supplement

There is no story in twentieth-century history more important to understand than Hitler’s rise to power and the collapse of civilization in Nazi Germany. With The Coming of the Third Reich, Richard Evans, one of the world’s most distinguished historians, has written the definitive account for our time. A masterful synthesis of a vast body of scholarly work integrated with important new research and interpretations, Evans’s history restores drama and contingency to the rise to power of Hitler and the Nazis, even as it shows how ready Germany was by the early 1930s for such a takeover to occur. The Coming of the Third Reich is a masterwork of the historian’s art and the book by which all others on the subject will be judged.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780143034698
Publisher: Penguin Publishing Group
Publication date: 01/28/2005
Series: History of the Third Reich , #1
Edition description: Reprint
Pages: 672
Sales rank: 123,680
Product dimensions: 5.60(w) x 10.88(h) x 1.21(d)
Age Range: 18 - 17 Years

About the Author

Richard J. Evans was born in London and educated at Oxford University. He has taught at Columbia University and Birkbeck, University of London, and since 2014 has been the Regius Professor Emeritus of History at the University of Cambridge. His many publications include an acclaimed three-volume history of the Third Reich and a recent collection of essays, The Third Reich in History and Memory. A Fellow of the British Academy and the Royal Society of Literature, he is a past winner of the Wolfson History Prize, and was twice a History Honoree at the Los Angeles Times Book Awards. In 2012 he was appointed Knight Bachelor in the Queen’s Birthday Honors List, for services to scholarship.

Read an Excerpt

On 10 May 1933, German students organized an "act against the un-German spirit" in nineteen university towns across the land. They compiled a list of "un-German" books, seized them from all the libraries they could find, piled them up in public squares and set them alight. In Berlin the book-burning event was joined at the students’ request by Joseph Goebbels. He told them that they were "doing the right thing in committing the evil spirit of the past to the flames" in what he called a "strong, great and symbolic act.”

One after another, books were thrown onto the funeral pyre of intellect, to the accompaniment of slogans such as "Against class struggle and materialism, for the national community and an idealistic outlook: Marx, Kautsky"; "Against decadence and moral decay, for discipline and morality in family and state: Heinrich Mann, Ernst Glaeser, Erich Kästner."  The works of Freud were consigned to the flames for their "debasing exaggeration of man’s animal nature"; the books of the popular historian and biographer Emil Ludwig were burned for their "denigration" of the "great figures" of German history; the writings of the radical pacifist journalists Kurt Tucholsky and Karl von Ossietzky were destroyed for their "arrogance and presumption." A particular category in itself was reserved for Erich Maria Remarque, whose critical novel All Quiet on the Western Front was thrown onto the fire "against literary betrayal of the soldiers of the World War, for the education of the nation in the spirit of military preparedness." Many other books besides those read out in these incantatory slogans were thrown onto the pyres. The national student organization issued "twelve theses against the un-German spirit" to accompany the action, demanding the introduction of censorship and the purging of libraries and declaring: "Our opponent is the Jew and anyone who submits to him."

Already by 12 March, in a prelude to this action, stormtroopers had ransacked the library of the trade union center in Heidelberg, removed books and burned them in a small bonfire outside the door. A similar event had taken place outside Magnus Hirschfeld’s sex research institute in Berlin on 6 May.  But the 10 May book burning was on a much larger scale and much more thoroughly prepared. Students had been combing libraries and bookshops in readiness for the occasion since the middle of April. Some booksellers courageously refused to hang up posters advertising the event in their shop windows, but many others gave in to the threats with which the students accompanied their action. In Heidelberg, where the book burning took place on 17 May, the students processed with flaming torches, accompanied by SA, SS and steel helmets and members of the dueling corps, and threw Communist and Social Democratic insignia into the flames as well as books. The event was accompanied by the singing of the Horst Wessel Song and the national anthem. Speeches were delivered in which the action was presented as a blow against the "un-German spirit." The Weimar Republic had incorporated this "Jewish-subversive" spirit; it was now finally consigned to history.

All of this marked the culmination of a widespread action "against the un-German spirit" set in motion weeks before by the Propaganda Ministry. As so often in the history of the Third Reich, the apparently spontaneous action was in fact centrally coordinated, although not by Goebbels, but by the national student union. The Nazi official in charge of purging Berlin’s public libraries helpfully provided a list of the books to be burned, and the central office of the national student union wrote and distributed the slogans to be used in the ceremony. In this way, the Nazi student organization ensured that the book burning took a roughly similar course in all the university towns where it was carried out. And where the students led, others followed, in localities across the land. At a celebration of the summer solstice of 1933 in the small town of Neu-Isenburg, for instance, eight thousand people watched "Marxist" literature being burned in a huge pile in an open space behind the fire station. As the local women’s gymnastics club danced around the fire, the local party leader gave a speech, followed by a rendition of the Horst Wessel Song by the assembled multitude.  Book burning was by no means a practice confined to the highly educated.

But one precedent above all others inspired the action of 10 May 1933. The Nazi book burning was a conscious echo of an earlier ritual performed by radical nationalist students at the celebration of the 18 October 1817 three hundredth anniversary of Martin Luther’s famous launching of the Reformation with the publication of his theses attacking the Catholic Church. At the close of the day’s festivities at the Wartburg castle in Thuringia, the students had thrown symbols of authority and "un-German" books such as the Code Napoléon onto a bonfire in a form of symbolic execution. This action might have provided a precedent in Germany’s canon of nationalist demonstrations, but in fact it had little in common with its later imitation in 1933, since a principal concern of the Wartburg festival was to express solidarity with Poland and to demonstrate in favor of the freedom of the German press, still constricted by massive censorship from the police regime inspired by Prince Metternich. Still, as the flames rose to the skies in Germany’s ancient seats of learning on 10 May 1933, encouraged or tolerated by the newly Nazified university authorities, there must have been more than a few who recalled the poet Heinrich Heine’s comment

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
List of Maps and Diagrams
Preface

1. The Legacy of the Past
German Peculiarities
Gospels of Hate
The Spirit of 1914
Descent Into Chaos

2. The Failure of Democracy
The Weaknesses of Weimar
The Great Inflation
Culture Wars
The Fit and the Unfit

3. The Rise of Nazism
Bohemian Revolutionaries
The Beer-Hall Purtsch
Rebuilding the Movement
The Roots of Commitment

4. Towards the Seizure of Power
The Great Depression
The Crisis of Democracy
The Victory of Violence
Fateful Decisions

5. Creating The Third Reich
The Terror Begins
Fire in the Reichstag
Democracy Destroyed
Bringing Germany Into Line

6. Hitler's Cultural Revolution
Discordant Notes
The Purge of the Arts
'Against the Un-German Spirit'
A 'Revolution of Destruction'?

Notes
Bibliography
Index

What People are Saying About This

From the Publisher

"Richard J. Evans's The Coming of the Third Reich...gives the clearest and most gripping account I've read of German life before aznd during the rise of the Nazis."—A. S Byatt, in the Times Literary Supplement

"Richard J. Evans's The Coming of the Third Reich is an enormous work of synthesis—knowledgable and reliable..."—Mark Mazower in the New York Times Book Review

"[A] first-rate narrative history that informs and educates and may inspire readers to delve even deeper into the subject."—Booklist

“…Brilliant…”–Washington Post

“The generalist reader, it should be emphasized, is well served. …The book reads briskly, covers all important areas—social and cultural—and succeeds in its aim of giving “voice to the people who lived through the years with which it deals.”—Denver Post

“One finally puts down this magnificent volume thirsty, on the one hand, for the next installment in the Nazi saga yet still haunted by the questions Evan poses and so masterfully grapples with.”―Abraham Brumberg, The Nation

“This first part of what will be Evans’ three-volume history of Hitler’s regime is the most comprehensive and convincing work so far on the gall of Weimar and Hitler’s rise to power.”―Foreign Affairs

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The Coming of the Third Reich 4.4 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 40 reviews.
Guest More than 1 year ago
As Karl Marx once wrote, people make their own history, but not under conditions of their own choosing. So it is that academic Richard J. Evans from Cambridge University approaches the superb first volume of the planned trilogy of a complete history of the rise and fall of the Third Reich, ¿The Coming Of the Third Reich¿, recognizing the existential constraints people living in the era of National Socialism faced. As Professor Evans puts it, not only are men constrained and shaped by the unique and quite specific web of cultural and social conditions in which they are enmeshed, but they also view these particular conditions through a particular perspective, and through the prism of a socially prescribed set of values, beliefs, and ideologies. Thus, the author argues that in the vast bibliography of works covering the history of the Nazi era, no one has yet covered the epoch in a fashion that does justice to the complex welter of ways, as sociologist C. Wright Mills would phrase it, in which biography and history meaningfully intersect such that one can appreciate what it was like for an individual to live in the times of the National Socialists, and to experience life on the ground as real people who lived through the turbulent 1930s and 1940s did. Indeed, this trilogy is offered in a brilliant attempt to render such a comprehensive history that makes sense of how it that such a baffling and troubling phenomenon could arise in what was considered the most economically, socially, and culturally advanced society of the early 20th century. This volume recounts the story of the origins of the Third Reich in 19th century Germany, from the its very beginnings as Bismarck¿s foundling empire, through the events of the First World War, and the turbulent unrest and dissatisfaction of the Weimar years. It also describes the rise of the National Socialists through what the author describes as being an ingenuous combination of electoral success and massive political violence that took place in the chaotic epoch of the Great Depression. The books central theme centers around how the Nazis managed to forge a one-party dictatorship in a democratic society so quickly, and with so little organized resistance. This volume is, much like William Shirer¿s classic effort in ¿The Rise And Fall of the Third Reich¿, a narrative account of the events surrounding the events of the Nazi era. It is a massively documented effort to document the story of the Third Reich in chronological order, and much as Shirer did, attempts to ¿give voice to the people who lived through the years¿ of Nazi rule. The author is quite passionate in voicing his own concern that history once more render for the reader an intelligence recounting of the experiences of ordinary individuals, of the sheer complexity of the their existential constraints and available options, and the often incomprehensible choices they faced. So, what Evans aims to give to the reader in the early 21st century is a better understanding of the Nazi era by recreating all of its elements, in all their complexity and interweaving perplexity, thus reminding readers that, as L.P. Hartley said, ¿the past is a foreign country, they do things differently there¿. Given the fact that it remains as important today as ever to understand both how and why the Nazis came to power with such speed and relative ease, it is critical to better appreciate the nature of life in the Third Reich, to comprehend why their opponents failed to stop them, and to better realize the nature and the operation of the machinery of the Nazi regime once it had grasped the reins of power. Moreover, it remains crucial to understand the complex mechanism through which the operation and goals of the Third Reich so quickly and fatefully engulfed the rest of Europe and then the world in such a bloodbath of carnage and ruin. For while the 20th century has no shortages of such catastrophes, including the Soviet purge of the 1930s, no
Studied_Reader More than 1 year ago
Truly, destined to become a classic and, together with his two further volumes, will replace William Shirer's Rise and Fall of the Third Reich as the standard history for the educated public, as well as for the more academically inclined in allied fields. The great thing about Evans is that his familiarity with this period is so broad, that he is able to write a detailed, comprehensive account, bolstered by copious footnotes, founded on an astonishing range of primary and secondary material, that reads with a clarity, fluidity and excitement possessed by no other equally-comprehensive account. It genuinely reads easily, and even rather quickly, and can make you forget how many facts, figures and observations are crammed into each paragraph. Another wonderful thing about Evans, is that he combines a general survey and account of the broad sweep of European events, with fascinating individual stories, incidents and anecdotes that give his book that extra flavor of bringing you closer to the actual events. If you are very well-read on this period (like myself), you can follow the footnotes, and you will learn more even from them. But, you can omit them with not too-devastating results. But I tell you one thing: You won't be able to put it down. Allen Roth
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
A general overview of the ideas and ideologies that were common currency in Germany prior to the Nazi take over, and how easy certain ideas and policies were to implement for the Nazis. Some of these find that origins in the Middle Ages others in the Thirty years war others at the end of the nineteenth century some even gained acceptance during the Weimar years.
sharonk21 on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
This book is well worth reading for anyone who wants to get an idea of the historical roots of Fascism and/or Nazism. What I like about it is that it does not concentrate on the more dramatic and flamboyant later years--with jackboots in the street and all that--but instead focuses on how that situation came to be. I find that most people have a skewed view of the Fascist-Nazi years, honing in on the exciting revolutionary-democratic seizure of power and the awful holocaust period and forgetting what led up to it. Concentrating on the wrong time period can be dangerous in that it leads to invalid comparisons when contemplating potential modern-day developments.
piefuchs on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
The first of a trilogy and I can't wait to get to the other two. The book is partially organized thematically, so you an idea of the growth of Nazism in areas outside of politics. He does an admirable job of desctibing multiple facets involved in the rise of Nazism, and in detaililng the true origins of the party - as urban thugs. Literal fight nights. It is a cry for the end of slippery slope complanancy. Rather than adopting a singualar argument for Hitler's success, Evans details each contributing factors. In the process he killed a number of myths I was a told in high school. Absolutely worth the effort.
wildbill on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
This is the first volume in a three volume series. The author has succeeded in writing a comprehensive history that in my opinion will replace The Rise and Fall of The Third Reich as the most authoritative source for an horrific and fascinating era. This book can easily be read by the general audience with little knowledge of the topic and at the same time is full of detail based upon the extensive research shown in eighty pages of footnotes and a fifty page bibliography. The author's analysis of the factors that brought the Third Reich into power is best part of his achievement.The book begins with a discussion of the unification of Germany in 1871. This was brought about by Bismarck whose conservative nationalism set the tone for German politics for years to come. The author shows how these ideas served as the foundation for the Third Reich.The humiliation of the German defeat in World War I was an important factor in the rise of the Nazis to power. I have always thought it was significant that when Germany signed the armistice in 1918 there were no foreign troops on German soil. The German people never felt that they had been defeated and the myth of the "November criminals" and the "stab in the back" crippled the legitimacy of the Wiemar Republic from it's beginning.Beginning with the Spartacist uprising in 1919 Germany experienced a series of crises until the end of the Wiemar Republic in 1933. In 1923 French and Belgian troops occupied the leading industrial district because Germany had fallen behind on reparation payments. The inflation that began mildly in 1918 became hyperinflation by 1923. The price of a rail ticket could go up while you stood in line. The Great Depression devastated the German economy. The growth of the German economy had been based on borrowing and when there was no money to borrow the economy collapsed.Beginning in the early 1920's the Nazis had a simple message. Down with the Wiemar Republic, overthrow the Versailles Treaty, make Germany strong again. The Nazis opposed the Communist Party who gained strength in Germany from the ranks of the poor. Beginning in 1930 the country was in constant crisis. The governments of the Republic ruled by Presidential decree further weakening the process of democratic government.The last third of the book is a detailed narrative of how the Nazis came to power. In the elections of 1930 and 1932 extremist parties, Communists and Nazis gained seats while those in the center lost. All during this time violence increased as the political parties bully boys engaged in pitched battles in the streets. The government was disintegrating and President von Hindenburg, a relic from World War I, allowed his cronies to rule by decree. On January 30, 1933 Franz von Papen persuaded von Hindenburg to form a government with Hitler as Chancellor. The conservative nationalists planned to manipulate Hitler and use the power of the Nazis.On February 27, 1933 Marinus van der Lubbe a young Dutch construction worker, who was quite insane, set fire to the Reichstag. The Nazis portrayed this as an act of the Communists and Hitler used it to grab for power. Immediately a decree was signed and the stormtroopers and SS took over the streets of Germany. The Communists were outlawed and when the jails became full the first concentration camp at Dachau was created to hold the excess prisoners. One more election without the Communists and on March 23, 1933 an Enabling Act was passed by the Reichstag and Hitler became the dictator of Germany. The Nazis became the sole political power in Germany. As the book ends they are imposing their ideology upon the country.In his summing up the author shows how the elites in Germany were predisposed to accept the nationalistic ideas of the Nazi Party. The Nazis were a party of protest. From the end of World War I and throughout the period of the Weimar Republic the German people felt humiliated and betrayed. They still sought their "place in the sun" and tha
Schmerguls on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
This is the first volume of a trilogy on the Third Reich. It is expertly done, and the author ahs a sure command of his subject. But one cannot really enjoy the reading since it is so doleful and sad. That I suppose is why I will have to read the next two volumes--so I can enjoy the destruction the Nazi evildoers.
5hrdrive on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
This book brilliantly answers the question, "Just how did the Nazi's come to power?" The answer surprised me in many ways. It lost some steam for a while there in the latter third of the book, but picked up again at the end. Very glad to have read this.
iwpoe on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
Beautiful. This book is by far the most interesting and informative general survey of the rise of the Third Reich I've ever encountered. It avoids pedantic moralization and takes Nazi ideas seriously in such a way that the reader is able to judge for themselves the political ethos of Germany at the time.Also, I would like to add that the prior review by gmicksmith is entirely insane (particularly given that, nearly two years later, nothing like what he's predicting panned out) and is, unfortunately, an example of a very common misuse of history (both on the left and the right). What happens is that people take the old adage "history repeats itself" far too literally and, building upon one or a few similarities, they look for the recurrence of a formally equivalent scenario. We don't usually see that at all. History is only cyclical in the sense that historic potentialities can be retrieved: we can take a second look at democracy after Greece and Rome and "do it again" in a sense, but when we found the American Republic, we should not be on the lookout for Julius Caesar himself nor even from someone, say President Obama, who will perform formally equivalent deeds. History isn't the execution of certain programmatic commands on a platform: we're not running the democracy operating system and Hitler, Bush, or Obama aren't all the same application running again under different names.To say it again in a more traditional form: The study of history hooks you up with a consciousness of how different possibilities can work out: it is a repository of human possibilities. It is *not* a catalog of human actualities.Indeed, I think this book has numerous examples of the bad use of history I'm bringing out. The mythologization of Bismarck and then the subsequent search for a strong uncompromising leader to "do what he did" detailed by Evans was problematic not only because it worked with a mythologized history but also because it treated history as a catalog of types or programs which can be found and executed in the present in the very same way they were executed in the past: it sees that A B C D happened in the past and it searches for A again in the certainty that B C and D will follow. That kind of certainty only makes sense if A (the historic individual) is treated as a thing which necessitates the series A B C D: sort of like the strong correlation between 'Water hitting boiling point' and 'water boils' or the necessary correlation between 'All As are Bs' 'All Bs are Cs' and 'All As are Cs', but historic individuals are complexes entirely unlike any of these simple examples. We can reason historically, and use historic example, but we don't get anything like the strong correlation of 'water at boiling point & water boiling' or the necessary deduction of the syllogism. Too much is going on in a thing like Hitler to treat him like 'Water reaching the boiling point' never mind to try and superimpose that logic on top of another complex thing like, say, Obama in order to predict similar results. History *does not* do that, sorry, and if there *are* basic laws of history, they don't look like that.
Narboink on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
This is a deftly constructed, comprehensive survey of German history from approximately the First World War to the ascension of Hitler as chancellor in 1933. Writing for the general reader with little or no familiarity with the subject, Evans has set out to synthesize a variety of historical perspectives in the existing literature on the subject. The consequence is a welcome achievement. If nothing else, this compendium ("The Coming of the Third Reich" is the first of three books in a narrative series) promises to provide a calmer, more studious and comprehensive alternative to William Shirer's classic tome, "The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich." Evans constructs a clear, persuasive account of the Nazi's rise to power that contextualizes and explains (rather than dismisses) certain misconceptions and displaced emphases of prior histories. It is often alleged that the simplest explanation of a phenomenon is often the correct one, and Evans' telling of the political complexities of the Weimar Republic tends to reinforce the truth of this axiom. Abstract theorizing on the nature of evil gives way to a cold (and profoundly sad) reality: dictatorship and war would likely have occurred even in the absence of Hitler and his Nazi machine. This is not a book about Hitler, or the Weimar Republic, or the culpability of any specific segment of the German population; it is, instead, a panoramic history that touches on a multitude of causal factors in the story of the Third Reich. As a popular history, it's hard not to view it as the best - and perhaps most definitive - overview on the subject. I highly recommend it.
jorgearanda on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
This, the first volume of Evans' history of the Third Reich, tracks its rise to power from the fringes of German society. It's an absorbing and nearly impeccable book, written for the general public but without compromising the complexity of the story.
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BookWyrm_the_Devourer More than 1 year ago
I’m new to studying the Third Reich. Initially I began with Shirer’s Rise and Fall but jumped ship to begin Evans’ Third Reich Trilogy, and I’m glad I did. Evans packs his book with sourced material and massive cast of players. Although, as a lay history buff and avid reader, the cast seemed overwhelming, I felt I was getting a complete picture of everyone involved, for good or bad, in the Third Reich’s ascension. This book doesn’t read as easily as Shirer’s book, for sure, since his background in journalism, and his actual eyewitness experience with the Nazis, allows Shirer to write on a much simpler and more compelling plain; but so long as the reader is, in fact, a reader, s/he should have no problem reading a book written by a scholar renowned in his field. I’d say, in fact, the Evans has a very addicting and pleasurable writing style. At one point, I did get bogged down in some of the passages dealing with German economics; but no fault on the book for my own ignorance of the subject hindering my understanding. On the contrary, the wealth of information encourages to reread the book to gain an even better understanding of what was going on.
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Carond1 More than 1 year ago
A work which readily takes its place on any bookshelf.Evans writes in a readable style which is free from esoteric arguments and the narrative flows easily.For anyone seeking to expand his/her knowledge of this period,it is an indispensable book.
John60WV More than 1 year ago
The Coming of the Third Reich by Richard J Evans is the first in a three volume history of Nazi Germany. In this volume the author discuesses how Adloph Hitler and the Nazi "movement." came to power. Mr Evans traces many of the Nazi believes back to the 19t6h century. The belief in German superioritory is nothing new. It can be traced to such 19th French raciest Count Joseph Author de Gobineau. Gobineaur influences a crackpot German thinker with the name of Wilhelm Marr. He coined the term antisemitism. Marr borrowed heavily for Gobineaur who wrote a book called An Essey in the the Inequality of the Human Races which developed the theory of an Aryan master race. The book was written in 1853 and 1855. Core Nazi beliefs were taken from many sources from many countryies. They were organized under the banner of nazism after the disaster of World War I. The war was a military disaster for Germany. Kaiser Wilhelm II was forced to abdicate. A new government was able to e stabliesh Germany's attempt at a democratic goverrnment. Unfortnately it was doomed from the start. The victors of WWI forced upon the new leadeers of Germany a bitter peace known as the Versailes Treaty. Germany was forced to admit it bore responsibly for the war. Germany was also forcerd to accept huge reparation payments. She lost a considerable amount of territyr and the military was severely limited. Fro example the Army was limited to 100,000 men. The German people felt very humiliated. They grew to hate the new democratifc government. The thought calling its leaders the Novembver Criminals. Although defeated the military blamed the civilin government and claimed the German Army was stabled in the back. The So called Weimmar Republic was never fully accepted. There was no peace in Germany after the war. Germany experienced went through years of polical chaos and hyperinflation. Rvolutionaries of both right and left threatened the fldging democracies. Because Germany could not or would not pay back the war repearations France and Belgium troups occupied the Rhur from 1923 1925. This futther weakened the government. These chaotic conditions set the stage for Adolph Hitler and the National Socialist. The author tells how Hitler was able to organized the Nazi party from a small gathering of macontents to one of the largest po;litical parties in Germany. Hitler swore to do away t=wht the Republic, rearm Germany return the nation to first class status. He was able to use antisemitism to blame all of Germany's problem o n the Jews. I thought this was a facinating book and I thought the author did veryh important servie retelling the story of the Nazi era. Hitler offerend nothing new for the German people; his polices of hate destoryed Germany. But there are some people who still believe Hitler to be a compelling leader. There are some people who will deny the hollocaust. Evans gave a true, straight forward and compelling account of the history of that era which must be reotld or we might make the same mistakes.
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NEIL LYONS More than 1 year ago
Unlike William Shirer's Rise and Fall of the Third Reich (which is bent more on entertaining the reader) Evans presents himself as a serious historian. Evans takes us back to the rise of military Prussia and the attitudes and ideologies which made Germany a comfortable bed for the NSDAP to lay its head; and then moves forward to the timultous and chaotic street fights between brownshirts and communists which defined many Weimar cities. Drawing from primary sources of the everyday German and high ranking officials Evan's work is a must for any fan of history and most especially the history of the third reich as political party.
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