The Ice Master: The Doomed 1913 Voyage of the Karluk

The Ice Master: The Doomed 1913 Voyage of the Karluk

by Jennifer Niven

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780786884469
Publisher: Hachette Books
Publication date: 10/01/2001
Edition description: Reprint
Pages: 432
Sales rank: 541,904
Product dimensions: 5.25(w) x 8.00(h) x 1.25(d)
Age Range: 13 - 18 Years

About the Author

Jennifer Niven's first book, The Ice Master, was named one of the Top Ten Nonfiction Books of the Year by Entertainment Weekly and was selected for the Barnes and Noble Discover Great New Writers program. The book, which has been translated into nine languages, has been featured in such publications as Newsweek, the New York Times, Glamour, the Washington Post, Outside, and Writer's Digest, and was the subject of full-length documentaries on Dateline NBC and the Discovery Channel. For more information, visit www.jenniferniven.com.

Read an Excerpt

SEPTEMBER 29, 1924

We did not all come back.


—Captain Robert Bartlett

The island was a no-man's-land, little more than a mountainous slab of rock high above the Arctic Circle. Six miles of cliffs ran across it, four to seven hundred feet high. The only sliver of shoreline came at the northwestern point where the cliffs crumbled into piles of jagged rocks and gravel. The island was impossible to reach by ship or by plane, the winds raging about it, its shores surrounded by violent, raftering ice and fierce currents. So ferocious and unforgiving were the elements at Herald Island, in fact, that no one would ever live there, except for the polar bears, arctic foxes, and occasional birds that sought refuge on its rocky shores.

On September 29,1924, however, eleven men stood silent, on the northwestern point of the island.

Captain Louis Lane and the passengers of the MS Herman had traveled to uninhabited Herald Island intending to claim it for the United States. Even though the island was essentially uninhabitable, men strove to possess it as they do all things, the first person to do so being Captain Kellett, R.N., who claimed it in 1849 for Great Britain in the name of Queen Victoria. And as far as Captain Lane and his men had known, they were to be the first human visitors to the island since Captain Calvin Hooper of the USS Corwin, forty-three years earlier.

Captain Lane had intended to land on September 27; but the tides were impenetrable, and he and his men had been unable to follow through. On September 28, they made it to land, planted the United States flag, and read a proclamation.

Their work accomplished, Captain Lane turned the ship toward the northwest. As they rounded the northwestern point of the island, however, he spotted something from the crow's nest — a shadow against the beach. Through the field glasses, the crew could make out the outline of a sled and several dark objects. The following morning, they dropped anchor half a mile offshore and once again landed on tiny Herald Island.

Eleven men went ashore that day. The bitter Arctic wind chilled them. It seemed more biting on this side of the island. It was barely October, and although winter had not yet set in with its full force, the weather was already savagely cold.

The outline they had seen was indeed a sled. Its skeletal frame, weathered and broken, lay shattered against the narrow beach. Strewn over the snow-covered ground surrounding the sled were over two dozen of the black objects, thick, rectangular tins: pemmican, that canned mixture of dried meat, fruit, and fat that was the staple of polar diets at the time. One man stooped to pick up a can. It was heavy and when he cracked it open he discovered its contents had never been touched.

The men took photographs before disturbing anything. And then they began to dig through the snow, searching for answers. Beneath all of that white, they uncovered the remains of a fire. From the pile of ashes that lay beneath, it was clear that a great many fires had been built in that very same spot, years and years ago. If this was any indication, the men who had built those fires had probably lived on the island for quite a long time.

Discarded on the gravel beach was a 30-30 Winchester automatic rifle with dozens of cartridges. It was an eerie souvenir, its stock weathered almost white, its barrel dark with rust, its magazine corroded and partially missing. And there, on the side, cut into the wood, two rusted initials were inscribed: "B.M."

Then someone stumbled across something that made these men draw back in horror — the crossed thighbones of a man. just beyond, a bleached shoulder blade was discovered. The men kept digging. Soon they uncovered a decayed tent, its aged canvas torn and soiled from time and the elements, and underneath a sleeping bag of reindeer skin. Its folds hid other human bones, including a man's hand, perfectly intact, down to the tapered nail of the thumb, lacking only flesh to make it lifelike.

And then someone held up a human jawbone. It was smooth and shrunken, bleached by the snow and wind. It was a strong jaw, with two of its wisdom teeth still imbedded. As one of the men described it: "A young man with a firm, capable jaw, cleft as to chin and with fine, regular teeth. A young man thus to die and leave his bones strewn to bleach on this wind-swept shore! With what hopes and ambitions had he sailed north — only to die, his deathplace all these years unknown and unmarked!"

It wasn't long before the men uncovered two more jawbones within feet of the first. They seemed to belong to older men. A hundred or so yards away, a fourth jawbone was discovered, the oldest yet. No skulls were found.

It was difficult to discern how long ago the men had come there, or how they had met their fates. Bear tracks encircled the camp, but close examination of the bones revealed no teeth marks or signs of violent death. These four men, whoever they were, seemed to have died with all the necessities of life at their fingertips. There was evidence of too much food for the men to have died of starvation. Even if they had run out of pemmican, there was ammunition for both the 30-30 Winchester and a .22 Winchester automatic rifle. They also had an abundance of matches, two Primus stoves, and a beach strewn with driftwood.

They were probably suffering the effects of slow starvation and might also have been afflicted with scurvy. Only two or three teeth remained in each jawbone, and the men had most likely lost the rest of them while still alive. It must have been dreadful for them. If they had died of illness or the elements, however, it seemed odd that they would all perish at the same time. No one had been buried and the remains of their skeletons lay in similar positions, peaceful and undisturbed, as if the four men had just lain down to sleep.

The remaining discoveries gave few clues. Captain Lane and his men uncovered a silver watch, a pocket compass, snow glasses, field glasses, hunting knives, a sled harness, three pocket knives (one engraved with the letter M), a thermometer tube, ice picks, axes, a shovel, a pair of snow shoes, a pair of skis, a can opener, a tin of tea, three enamel mugs, a silver spoon, two whiskey bottles, a candle, a nickel belt buckle, socks, mitts, caps, a sheepskin coat, rope, and the remains of a horsehair mattress.

The men searched the entire camp, digging beneath the snow and even into the earth, but no paper was found, no diaries and no documents. These men had not left behind any written record of their story. Captain Lane and his men could only speculate as to who they were and what had happened to them.

Back on board the ship, Captain Lane and the others set the four jawbones on a table, side by side. They tried to imagine what the men had looked like in life. Who were they before they gave up their living, breathing souls to this desolate place?

Table of Contents


 Prologue                                         vii
Aboard the Karluk xiii
September 29, 1924 3
August 1913 7
September 1913 47
October 1913 57
November 1913 77
December 1913 90
January 1914 108
February 1914 154
March 1914 180
April 1914 208
May 1914 237
June 1914 263
July 1914 294
August 1914 312
September 1914 333
The Wake 357
Epilogue 368
Notes 371
Maps Plan of Lower Deck of HMCS Karluk 395
Plan of Shipwreck Camp 396
Wrangel Island 397
Photo and Map Credits 398
Acknowledgments 399

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The Ice Master: The Doomed 1913 Voyage of the Karluk 4.2 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 65 reviews.
Guest More than 1 year ago
Truly amazing. I loved this book. I've read a few others about arctic expeditions, but this one was the most riveting. This book makes you feel as if you are there. You can really get a feel for what these characters experienced. I was reporting updates to a friend each time I read more and the joke was... I have to keep reading this because I simply MUST know what happens to the cat! I won't give it away though. If you want to know what happens to the cat, you'll have to read the book (wink) ...
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Someone please tell harriet klausner to stop with the plot reveals? She ruins every book she reviews.
Guest More than 1 year ago
I cut my teeth on tales of a distant cousin who was an Arctic explorer. I learned what I could of his heroism and bravery and of the deprivations he suffered during his time as a member of the Canadian Arctic Expedition of 1913. However, our family history was limited and there were many unanswered questions. Until now. Jennifer Niven has done a brilliant job of filling in the details and of at last making a forgotten story known to the public. I am a historian myself and had thought for years of writing a book on this expedition. I can honestly say it would not have been this good. To doubt her credulity-- and the only place I have seen it doubted is in this particular forum by one reader-- is ridiculous. The book is painstakingly researched and I, for one, can fully vouch for the accuracy of her research, including her details of George Washington DeLong's Jeannette expedition (most of the information of which she gleaned from DeLong's own diaries). Ms. Niven has given my family-- and the memory of my cousin-- the greatest gift anyone could give: she has brought this forgotten hero back to life and she has taught us something about ourselves in the process. Bravo!
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
If you have enjoyed reading about the Arctic/Antarctic, then this will be another book you'd love to add to your collection. In the same vein as "The Lost Men", this book basically tells the tale of a shipload of men out to reach an unknown land in the Arctic but never getting there. The story is not as well told as "The Lost Men", but the same thrilling situations occur regarding lack of food, poor shelter, squabbles and conflicts among the men, and their final rescue. One extra tidbit, this story has a true murder mystery and one that I feel the author did not do justice to. That particular part of the story is anti-climatic and put a damper on an already tired story. Overall, though, this story was good enough for me to buy the audio book as well as the paperback. The audio is abriged, yet the paperback includes details that you wouldn't have otherwise known about just listening to the audio. An entertaining story and good enough read to make you glad you aren't an Arctic explorer.
Guest More than 1 year ago
I am in a discussion group that just finished reading Jennifer Niven's THE ICE MASTER. Our group is large, diverse and opinionated, and debate always seems to swirl around what our next read will be! However, THE ICE MASTER had a lot to recommend it-- adventure story, historical narrative, great press and the high opinions of friends who'd read it-- and we all dove in with unanimous curiosity and excitement. And now I want to let anyone who is looking for a first-rate travel tale to know that THE ICE MASTER is a must-read! It's a splendid marriage of information and entertainment; academic (in the best sense of the word) when it must be, but far from dull; breezy and never terse; and engaging from beginning to end. We supplemented our discussion with the audio tapes, which come across with the sharp intelligence and cool assurance of a radio broadcast from the Arctic Circle. You can't help but wander, first-person, into the narrative, and feel all the terrors, hairpin twists and triumphs of good fortune and character: it's like you were living the story yourself! THE ICE MASTER is a harrowing and ultimately transporting work that was a joy to read and terrific fun to talk about. Absolutely do not miss it!!!
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
The best novelist in the world could not write this story any better than Jennifer Niven! And no fiction could compare to the true-life events that are related in this book.
barbarapen More than 1 year ago
Couldn't put it down. One of the few books in my library I will re-read!
Guest More than 1 year ago
To quote an old TV show, 'You Are There.' You are a member of the ill-fated Karluk, you battle the ice,snow and unrelenting wind. You fight to abate the ever growing hunger of Wragel Island. You daily live with fortiude and courage as well as encounter threat, selfishness and betrayal. You benefit from the inate good in some men and suffer the human weaknesses of others. Most of all you learn the importance of true character. Jennifer Niven has demonstated man's ability to meet and conquer unbelievable obstacles in life. This book is reality at its most unbelievable.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Reading The Ice Master was like watching a train wreck, you just can't look away or in this case put the book down. The crew was amazing in many ways. Niven worked wonders w/journal accounts of the crew and scientists.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
I love this book so much that I am about to read it for the third time
Guest More than 1 year ago
Ms. Niven has done a truly amazing job with this book. The story she wove now ranks as my favorite! The way she described the men, the family and the conditions made me feel I was with them. This must be made into a movie!!!!
Guest More than 1 year ago
I really enjoyed reading Jennifer Niven's Ice Master! In fact, I would venture to say it is one of the best books that have ever been written in this particular genre! One can see that Ms. Niven was very meticulous in her research and unlike so many researched books that become stale long before the end of the story, this book lives and breathes the very life of these men all the way to the final pages! It is like you are there, and you know them personally. Because of her tireless research and soulful account of these men,they come right off the pages and into your heart, and enliven your senses. I believe this book will become a classic read.
Guest More than 1 year ago
I am probably one of the only people who read this book and THEN bought the audio tape. It's an incredible read by a fantastic first-time writer, and I was wrapped in blankets the entire time I was reading this book. I suggest you wrap up, too, and enjoy the ride! You will want to read this book in its entirety in one sitting, or at the very least in one weekend. I was unable to put it down and by the end of the journey I felt so close to the people of this expedition that I was moved to tears by their tragedies and their triumphs. (I am a man, but I'll admit to those tears.) Jennifer Niven's naturally soft-spoken, melodic voice in the audio version is a haunting contrast to this ruggedly masculine story and I found this to be highly effective and moving. Everyone expects these books to be written or read by grizzled old sea salts, but I could not imagine the riveting story of the ill-fated Karluk and her courageous captain being told or read by anyone other than Niven.
waltzmn on LibraryThing 5 months ago
"I'm starving faster than you are."That could almost be the refrain of the many failed expeditions to the arctic in the mid-nineteenth century and after. The Karluk voyage was fairly typical. Captain Bob Bartlett was hired to take a crew of scientists to the ice north of Alaska. The ship was not really up to the task. Many of the scientists abandoned the expedition and went home on their own. After they left, the Karluk was frozen in, then destroyed by the ice. The men survived to reach Wrangel Island in the Siberia arctic. Captain Bartlett sledged out to find help. The men he left behind, trapped in the cold and the dark, got sick and starved; many died before they could be rescued.So far, frankly, so typical. But this does not answer why. The Karluk should never have been employed in this service, but there was time to bring off supplies. Several of the men on the ship, in effect, mutinied. Their time on Wrangel Island was consumed in arguing and, indeed, fighting.They spent a long time on the island, and Niven's account makes it seem longer, because, somehow, everyone seems to be on the point of death, but survive to be on the point of death again a few days later, and repeat endlessly. Why? We can't tell. It's a significant issue, because a lot of tales of arctic disasters have this same tone.And what of Bob Bartlett? Niven is full of praise for him. And, to be fair, the crew was all alive when he left, and he did bring rescue. But he also wrecked the ship, and let the men go out of control. It was not a pretty picture.As a chronicle, this book is good. But as an insight into the horrid problem of "arctic madness," something is missing. Most readers, I think, will want more than a chronology. They will want an explanation.
theportal2002 on LibraryThing 5 months ago
This book was gripping. The type of experiences here are not usually made into movies and this series of events certainly deserved one.
usmcLS More than 1 year ago
I could put it down but was informative for me since I know so little about this type of expedition. I read a variety of books, usually at least one a week, on history. I especially like info on Nazi regime since I can't for the life of me see how those clowns were able to dominate for any length of time. this book was just a "jumping off place" for reading something that was new for me.
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TX-LA-MS-CG_Family More than 1 year ago
I stumbled onto this book in a small bookstore in Sitka, Alaska.  I'd previously enjoyed books about Shackleton's voyage so I picked it up.  Wow!  What a great book!  And if you like this one let me recommend "Hell on Ice" which tells a similar true story that occurred decades earlier.  
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