The Philosophy Book: From the Vedas to the New Atheists, 250 Milestones in the History of Philosophy

The Philosophy Book: From the Vedas to the New Atheists, 250 Milestones in the History of Philosophy

by Gregory Bassham

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781454918479
Publisher: Sterling
Publication date: 09/06/2016
Series: Sterling Milestones
Pages: 528
Sales rank: 675,361
Product dimensions: 7.70(w) x 8.50(h) x 1.70(d)

About the Author


Gregory Bassham is professor of philosophy at King’s College in Wilkes-Barre, PA, where he specializes in the philosophy of law, critical thinking, and the connections between pop culture and philosophy. He is also coeditor of several successful books, including The Lord of the Rings and Philosophy (Open Court) and The Ultimate Harry Potter and Philosophy (Wiley), and the lead writer of Critical Thinking: A Student’s Introduction (5th ed., McGraw-Hill). Bassham earned his PhD at the University of Notre Dame, and his articles and essays on philosophy are featured in numerous periodicals and books. Having taught philosophy for 25 years, he has read virtually every major work of philosophy ever written. Gregory lives in PA.

Table of Contents

Introduction 9

c. 1500 BCE The Vedas 12

c. 585 BCE Birth of Western Philosophy 14

c. 550 BCE The Dao 16

c. 540 BCE Reincarnation 18

c. 540 BCE Ahimsa 20

c. 530 BCE Anthropomorphization 22

c. 525 BCE The Four Noble Truths 24

c. 525 BCE No-Self (Anatta) 26

c. 500 BCE Confucian Ethics 28

c. 500 BCE Reciprocity 30

c. 500 BCE Change Is Constant 32

c. 500 BCE The Book of Job 34

c. 470 BCE Change Is Illusory 36

c. 460 BCE Mind Organizes Nature 38

c. 460 BCE The Paradoxes of Motion 40

c. 450 BCE Survival of the Fittest 42

c. 450 BCE Protagoras and Relativism 44

c. 450 BCE The Sophists 46

c. 450 BCE Ladder of Love 48

c. 430 BCE Know Thyself 50

c. 420 BCE Atoms and the Void 52

c. 420 BCE Universal Love 54

c. 400 BCE Cynicism 56

c. 400 BCE Cyrenaie Hedonism 58

c. 400 BCE The Bhagavad Gita 60

399 BCE The Trial and Death of Socrates 62

c. 399 BCE Socratic Dialogues 64

c. 386 BCE Plato Founds the Academy 66

c. 380 BCE The World of the Forms 68

c. 380 BCE Plato's Republic 70

c. 380 BCE Mind-Body Dualism 72

c. 367 BCE Aristotle Enrolls in the Academy 74

334 BCE Hellenization Begins 76

c. 330 BCE The Invention of Logic 78

c. 330 BCE The Earth-Centered Universe 80

c. 330 BCE Matter and Form 82

c. 330 BCE The Four Causes 84

c. 330 BCE Nicomachean Ethics 86

c. 320 BCE Maybe Life Is a Dream 88

c. 300 BCE Ecclesiastes 90

c. 300 BCE Epicureanism 92

c. 300 BCE Stoicism 94

c. 300 BCE Innate Goodness 96

155 BCE Carneades on Justice 98

c. 55 BCE On the Nature of Things 100

51 BCE Universal Moral Law 102

c. 30 CE The Christian Era Begins 104

c. 65 Buddhism Comes to China 106

65 The Death of Seneca 108

c. 125 Epictetian Stoicism 110

e. 150 Platonism and Christianity 112

180 The Philosopher-King 114

c. 200 Outlines of Pyrrhonism 116

c. 250 Neoplatonism 118

c. 285 The Problem of Universals 120

386 Augustine's Conversion 122

415 Death of Hypatia 124

426 The City of God 126

c. 460 The Last Great Greek Philosopher 128

476 The Dark Ages Begin 130

c. 500 The Way of Negation 132

c. 520 Origins of Chan/Zen Buddhism 134

524 The Consolations of Philosophy 136

529 Justinian Closes the Academy 138

c. 630 The Rise and Spread of Islam 140

c. 700 Huineng and the Platform Sutra 142

c. 810 Monism 144

c. 840 Islamic Philosophy Begins 146

c. 865 Eriugena's Christian Neoplatonism 148

c. 1015 Ibn Sina's Islamic Aristotelianism 150

1078 The Ontological Argument 152

c. 1093 The Incoherence of the Philosophers 154

1121 The Birth of Scholasticism 156

c. 1130 Aristotelian Revival in the West 158

c. 1135 Qualified Dualism 160

c. 1180 Revival of Confucianism 162

c. 1185 The Commentator 164

c. 1190 The Guide for the Perplexed 166

c. 1220 Philosophers Join Academia 168

c. 1250 The Universal Doctor 170

1259 A Franciscan Approach to Philosophy 172

c. 1265 The Great Medieval Synthesis 174

c. 1265 The Five Ways 176

c. 1270 Natural Law 178

c. 1300 Attack on the Medieval Synthesis 180

c. 1300 Mystical Theology 182

c. 1320 Ockham's Razor 184

c. 1320 Conceptualism 186

1324 The Defender of Peace 188

c. 1350 The Renaissance Begins 190

1440 The Synthesis of Opposites 192

1468 The Recovery of Platonism 194

1516 Utopia 196

1517 The Reformation Begins 198

c. 1520 The Humanist Ideal 200

c. 1525 The Silver Age of Scholasticism 202

1532 The Prince 204

1539 The Rights of Native Peoples 206

1543 The Birth of Modern Science 208

1580 Revival of Classical Skepticism 210

1605 The Advancement of Learning 212

1620 The Enlightenment Begins 214

1625 On the Law of War and Peace 216

1637 The Father of Modem Philosophy 218

1641 Meditations on First Philosophy 220

1651 Leviathan 222

1651 Free Will and Determinism Are Compatible 224

1670 Pascal's Wager 226

1674 Occasionalism 228

1677 Ethics 230

1689 Human Rights 232

1689 Religious Liberty 234

1689 Empiricism 236

c. 1700 Preestablished Harmony 238

1713 To Be Is to Be Perceived 240

1725 The Moral Sense 242

1730 Deism 244

1736 The Analogy of Religion 246

1739 A Treatise of Human Nature 248

1739 The Problem of Induction 250

1748 An Attack on Miracles 252

1748 The Spirit of the Laws 254

1751 Morality Is Rooted in Feeling 256

1754 America's First Major Philosopher 258

1759 Candide 260

c. 1760 The Birth of Romanticism 262

1762 The Social Contract 264

1762 Emile and Natural Education 266

1764 The Philosophy of Common Sense 268

1770 A Godless, Mechanistic Universe 270

1779 Hume's Dialogues 272

1781 Critique of Pure Reason 274

1785 The Categorical Imperative 276

1787 The Federalist 278

1789 Utilitarianism 280

1790 Critique of Judgment 282

1790 Forefather of Conservatism 284

1792 A Vindication of the Rights of Woman 286

c. 1795 The Beginnings of German Idealism 288

1807 The Phenomenology of Spirit 290

1819 The Philosophy of Pessimism 292

1821 The Real Is the Rational 294

1830 Positivism 296

1832 Law and Morality Are Separate 298

1836 American Transcendentalism 300

1841 Idealism Is Turned Upside Down 302

1843 Existentialism 304

1843 A System of Logic 306

1846 Truth Is Subjectivity 308

1848 The Communist Manifesto 310

1854 Walden 312

1859 On Liberty 314

1859 Darwin's Origin of Species 316

1862 Social Darwinism 318

1863 Refined Utilitarianism 320

c. 1865 The Rise of British Idealism 322

1867 Capital 324

1869 The Subjection of Women 326

1874 The Methods of Ethics 328

1878 Intentionality 330

1878 Origins of Pragmatism 332

1879 The New Logic 334

1882 "God Is Dead" 336

1882 Perspectivism 338

1887 The Revaluation of Values 340

1890 The Principles of Psychology 342

1897 "The Will to Believe" 344

1900 Phenomenology 346

1901 Environmental Preservationism 348

1902 The Varieties of Religious Experience 350

1903 Ethical Intuitionism 352

1903 The Analytic-Continental Split 354

1905 The Theory of Definite Descriptions 356

1907 Pragmatism 358

1907 Vitalism 360

1910 Principia Mathematica 362

1912 The Problems of Philosophy 364

1916 Progressive Education 366

1918 Logical Atomism 368

1920 Contemplation vs. Enjoyment 370

c. 1920 Neo-Thomism 372

1921 The Picture Theory of Language 374

1923 I and Thou 376

1925 Instrumentalism 378

1927 Being and Time 380

1927 Religion as Wish Fulfillment 382

1929 Process Philosophy 384

1929 An Idealist View of Life 386

1930 Deontological Intuitionism 388

1932 Ordinary Language Philosophy 390

1934 The Rejection of Metaphysics 392

1936 Logical Positivism 394

1938 Nausea 396

1942 Existential Defiance 398

1943 Being and Nothingness 400

1944 Emotivism 402

1945 The Phenomenology of Perception 404

1946 Atheistic Existentialism 406

1949 The Ghost in the Machine 408

1949 The Second Sex 410

1949 Ecocentrism 412

1951 "Two Dogmas of Empiricism" 414

1952 Prescriptivism 416

1953 Philosophical Investigations 418

1953 Impossibility of a Private Language 420

1954 The New Riddle of Induction 422

1957 Intention 424

1959 Falsifiability in Science 426

1959 Descriptive Metaphysics 428

1960 The Indeterminacy of Translation 430

1960 Hermeneutics 432

1960 Functionalism 434

1961 Legal Positivism 436

1962 Scientific Revolutions 438

1962 Oxford Ordinary Language Philosophy 440

1963 The Gettier Problem 442

1966 Soul-Making Theodicy 444

1967 Deconstruction 446

c. 1968 The (Re)birth of Applied Ethics 448

1968 Mind-Brain Identity Theory 450

1970 Anomalous Monism 452

1971 A Theory of Justice 454

c.1971 The Rise of Informal Logic 456

1974 Political Libertarianism 458

1974 "What Is It Like to Be a Bat?" 460

1974 Essentialism 462

1975 Animal Liberation 464

1975 Power/Knowledge 466

c. 1976 Emergence of Feminist Philosophy 468

1977 Moral Anti-Realism 470

1977 Taking Rights Seriously 472

1979 The New Pragmatism 474

1979 Postmodernism 476

1979 Reliabilism 478

1980 The Chinese Room 480

1980 The Causal Theory of Reference 482

1981 The Revival of Virtue Ethics 484

1981 Critical Theory 486

1982 In a Different Voice 488

1984 Revival of Christian Philosophy 490

1984 Reasons and Persons 492

1984 The Moral Limits of the Criminal Law 494

1985 The Peculiar Institution of Morality 496

1987 Pragmatic Realism 498

1989 Religious Pluralism 500

1991 Philosophical Zombies 502

2000 The Capability Approach 504

2004 The New Atheists 506

2006 Cosmopolitanism 508

2011 The Triple Theory of Ethics 510

Notes and Further Reading 513

Image Credits 523

Index 524

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