What did Ottoman prisoners of war imprisoned in Russia and Egypt during the Great War understand of nation, culture and Islam? And what role did science play in the imagined future of the nation for the Ottoman-Turkish psychiatrists who diagnosed prisoners following post-war repatriation?
Doctors' interpretation of prisoners' health issues led to far-reaching questions about the relationship between the prisoners' physical bodies and mental states on the one hand, and the body politic and collective mentality of the Turkish Republic during the interwar period, on the other.
During the interwar years, when the military's vigour was still taken to be a reflection of the nation's health, doctors projected the worrisome picture of the shattered nerves of both prisoner and non-prisoner alike onto the nation at large. The Great War revealed the poor health of the nation and gave medical men the chance to regenerate it through eugenics. Just as officer prisoners in the camps excluded ignorant peasants from their discursive construction of the nation, the psychiatrists disqualified those seen to threaten the nation's body.
|Publisher:||Edinburgh University Press|
|Product dimensions:||6.00(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.90(d)|
|Age Range:||18 Years|
About the Author
Yücel Yanikdag is Associate Professor of History at the University of Richmond. Born in Istanbul, he received his Ph.D. from The Ohio State University. A Fulbright-Hays scholar, his research interests include: social and cultural history of the Great War, social history of medicine, and Turkish nationalism. His articles have appeared in Journal of Contemporary History, Middle Eastern Studies, and The First World War as Remembered in the Countries of the Mediterranean.
Table of Contents
Author's note on usage
List of maps and figures
List of tables
1. THE OTTOMAN GREAT WAR AND CAPTIVITY IN RUSSIA AND EGYPT
2. IMAGINING COMMUNITY AND IDENTITY IN RUSSIA AND EGYPT: A COMPARISON
3. SAVIOUR SONS OF THE NATION: INSIDE THE PRISONERS' MINDS
4. PRISONERS AS DISEASE CARRIERS: CASES OF PELLAGRA AND TRACHOMA
5. WAR NEUROSIS AND PRISONERS OF WAR: WARTIME NERVOUS BREAKDOWN AND THE POLITICS OF MEDICAL INTERPRETATION
6. DEGENERATIONIST PATHWAY TO EUGENICS: NEURO-PSYCHIATRY, SOCIAL PATHOLOGY AND ANXITIES OVER NATIONAL HEALTH
EPILOGUE: THE SEARCH FOR A USEABLE PAST: PRISONERS OF WAR, THE OTTOMAN GREAT WAR AND TURKISH NATIONALISM