On 17 July 1791 the revolutionary National Guard of Paris opened fire on a crowd of protesters: citizens believing themselves patriots trying to save France from the reinstatement of a traitor king. To the National Guard and their political superiors the protesters were the dregs of the people, brigands paid by counter-revolutionary aristocrats. Politicians and journalists declared the National Guard the patriots, and their action a heroic defence of the fledgling Constitution. Under the Jacobin Republic of 1793, however, this "massacre" was regarded as a high crime, a moment of truth in which a corrupt elite exposed its treasonable designs. This detailed study of the events of July 1791 and their antecedents seeks to understand how Parisians of different classes understood "patriotism", and how it was that their different answers drove them to confront each other on the Champ de Mars. David Andress is Professor of Modern History at the School of Social, Historical and Literary Studies, University of Portsmouth.
|Publisher:||Boydell & Brewer, Limited|
|Series:||Royal Historical Society Studies in History New Series|
|Product dimensions:||6.00(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.60(d)|
About the Author
Associate Dean (Research) and Professor of Modern History, School of Social, Historical and Literary Studies, University of Portsmouth
Table of ContentsIntroductionThe people of Paris and their historiansAristocrats, priests and brigands: January-February 1791Guards, spies and commissaires: policing the capitalPlots, pamphlets and crowds: February-April 1791The Saint-Cloud affair and the wages movementBefore and after Varennes: the rise in popular hostilityThe Constitution in the balance: events after the king's return17 July 1791: massacre and consternationAfter the bloody field: commentaries, narratives and dissent