Men of Bronze takes up one of the most important and fiercely debated subjects in ancient history and classics: how did archaic Greek hoplites fight, and what role, if any, did hoplite warfare play in shaping the Greek polis? In the nineteenth century, George Grote argued that the phalanx battle formation of the hoplite farmer citizen-soldier was the driving force behind a revolution in Greek social, political, and cultural institutions. Throughout the twentieth century scholars developed and refined this grand hoplite narrative with the help of archaeology. But over the past thirty years scholars have criticized nearly every major tenet of this orthodoxy. Indeed, the revisionists have persuaded many specialists that the evidence demands a new interpretation of the hoplite narrative and a rewriting of early Greek history. Men of Bronze gathers leading scholars to advance the current debate and bring it to a broader audience of ancient historians, classicists, archaeologists, and general readers.
After explaining the historical context and significance of the hoplite question, the book assesses and pushes forward the debate over the traditional hoplite narrative and demonstrates why it is at a crucial turning point. Instead of reaching a consensus, the contributors have sharpened their differences, providing new evidence, explanations, and theories about the origin, nature, strategy, and tactics of the hoplite phalanx and its effect on Greek culture and the rise of the polis.
The contributors include Paul Cartledge, Lin Foxhall, John Hale, Victor Davis Hanson, Donald Kagan, Peter Krentz, Kurt Raaflaub, Adam Schwartz, Anthony Snodgrass, Hans van Wees, and Gregory Viggiano.
|Publisher:||Princeton University Press|
|Product dimensions:||6.00(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.90(d)|
About the Author
Table of Contents
List of Figures viiPreface Donald Kagan and Gregory F. Viggiano ixIntroduction Donald Kagan and Gregory F. Viggiano xiChapter 1 The Hoplite Debate, Donald Kagan and Gregory F. Viggiano1Chapter 2 The Arms, Armor, and Iconography of Early Greek Hoplite Warfare, Gregory F. Viggiano and Hans van Wees 57Chapter 3 Hoplitai/Politai: Refighting Ancient Battles, Paul Cartledge 74Chapter 4 Setting the Frame Chronologically, Anthony Snodgrass 85Chapter 5 Early Greek Infantry Fighting in a Mediterranean Context, Kurt A. Raaflaub 95Chapter 6 The Hoplite Revolution and the Rise of the Polis, Gregory F. Viggiano 112Chapter 7 Hoplite Hell: How Hoplites Fought, Peter Krentz 134Chapter 8 Large Weapons, Small Greeks: The Practical Limitations of Hoplite Weapons and Equipment, Adam Schwartz 157Chapter 9 Not Patriots, Not Farmers, Not Amateurs: Greek Soldiers of Fortune and the Origins of Hoplite Warfare, John R. Hale 176Chapter 10 Can We See the "Hoplite Revolution" on the Ground? Archaeological Landscapes, Material Culture, and Social Status in Early Greece, Lin Foxhall 194Chapter 11 Farmers and Hoplites: Models of Historical Development, Hans van Wees 222Chapter 12 The Hoplite Narrative, Victor Davis Hanson 256List of Contributors 277Index 279
What People are Saying About This
"This is the new hoplite book everyone has been waiting forpunchy, stimulating, up-to-date, and full of excitement and contention, like a hoplite scrum."John Ma, University of Oxford"Controversies of great interest surround the topic of hoplite warfare and its connections to Greek society and culture. The scholars contributing to this excellent volume include some of the best in the world. The chapters present often-divergent views on crucial issues. Scholars of Greek military history, war and society, and archaic Greece will want to consult this important collection."Peter Hunt, University of Colorado, Boulder