During the years that the German Social Democratic party organization was legally suppressed by the Socialist Law, the movement underwent a fundamental transformation in its relationship to the traditions of political democracy and socialist theory with which it began in the 1860's. This history shows how, gradually adopting Marxian economic and political theory, the Party could not abandon parliamentary participation under the Socialist Law without closing its one open legal door. Thus the Social Democrats became both ambivalent parliamentarians and ambivalent revolutionaries.
Originally published in 1966.
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Table of Contents
- Frontmatter, pg. i
- PREFACE, pg. v
- CONTENTS, pg. xi
- I. THE EMERGENCE AND EARLY ORIENTATION OF WORKING-CLASS POLITICAL ACTION, pg. 1
- II. THE MATURATION OF THE SOCIALIST MOVEMENT IN THE EIGHTEEN-SEVENTIES, pg. 39
- III. DISINTEGRATION AND RECOVERY, pg. 70
- IV. INVITATION FROM THE LEFT: ANARCHISM AND SOCIAL DEMOCRACY, pg. 106
- V. RADICALS AND MODERATES: Two VIEWS OF SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC POLITICS, pg. 129
- VI. INVITATION FROM THE RIGHT: STATE SOCIALISM AND SOCIAL DEMOCRACY, pg. 155
- VII. GROWTH OF SOCIAL DEMOCRACY CREATES A MAJOR CRISIS FOR THE PARTY, pg. 176
- VIII. THE DEEPENED PARLIAMENTARY INVOLVEMENT: ITS RELATIONSHIP TO REVOLUTIONARY EXPECTATIONS AND POLITICAL DEMOCRACY, pg. 213
- IX. SOCIAL DEMOCRATS AT BAY, pg. 241
- X. THE ST. GALL CONGRESS AND THE SUPREMACY OF AUGUST BEBEL, pg. 263
- XI. THE END OF THE SOCIALIST LAW: SOCIAL DEMOCRACY'S VICTORY AND CHALLENGE, pg. 291
- XII. THE HERITAGE OF THE SOCIALIST LAW EPOCH FOR SOCIAL DEMOCRACY, pg. 320
- APPENDIX A. The Gotha Program, 1875, pg. 333
- APPENDIX B. The Erfurt Program, 1891, pg. 335
- APPENDIX C. Text of the Socialist Law, pg. 339
- BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY, pg. 347
- INDEX, pg. 367