During HaA-HaB, many settlements were established in Silesia and in the central part of Poland, and their stability seems to be confirmed by the existence of regional groups and subgroups, by long-lasting colonies, and by long-used burial grounds, located at large settlements. At the end of HaB, many pre-Scythian elements occurred in this area, only partly influenced by the Cimmerians . During that period the peoples living north of the Carpathian and Sudeten Mountains remained very dependent on the productive and cultural circle south of the Carpathians, with which they maintained strong connections . The Lusatian settlement zone , apart from its increasing internal stability, also tended to extend its range . A partition of the Lusatian Culture, which had appeared earlier , became more pronounced under the strong influence of the East Hallstatt cultural and productive center in the eastern Alpine region , and the so-called amber route . The eastern zone of the Lusatian Culture remained under the influence of the Carpathian center, while the western zone was strongly influenced by the pre-Celtic (Bylanska or Horakowska) and northern Illyrian (Calon denberian) cultures. In HaD2' ca. 520-500 B.C., this latter area was the site of an armed incursion of Scythian groups coming from the east through the Karpacka Valley. The most characteristic features of the western zone include its own varieties of more general Hallstatt traits , such as fortified settlements (which date from HaA in the Lusatian Culture) , production of iron (done domestically since HaD), and decorated pottery.
|Edition description:||Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1988|
|Product dimensions:||6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.02(d)|
Table of ContentsThe Evolution of Complex Society in Late Prehistoric Europe: Toward a Paradigm.- Northern and Western Europe.- Agro-pastoralism and Regional Social Organization in Early Ireland.- Coinage and Complexity: Archaeological Analysis of Socio-political Change in Britain and Non-Mediterranean Gaul during the Later Iron Age.- A Spatial Approach to Socioeconomic Change in Scandinavia: Central Sweden in the First Millennium B.C.- Demographic and Economic Changes in the Hallstatt Period of the Lusatian Culture.- Demographic and Economic Changes in the Hallstatt Period of the Lusatian Culture.- Technology and Social Change: Ironworking in the Rise of Social Complexity in Iron Age Central Europe.- Diet, Status, and Complex Social Structure in Iron Age Central Europe: Some Contributions of Bone Chemistry.- West Central and Southern Europe.- Slavery in Late Prehistoric Europe: Recovering the Evidence for Social Structure in Iron Age Society.- Rise of Complex Societies in Italy: Historical versus Archaeological Perspectives.- Conclusions.- Industry and Society in Late Prehistoric Europe.- Some Comments on Method and Interpretation.- Contributors.